This case report describes the occurrence of acute low back pain, and the application of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment techniques (OMT) initially resulting in resolution of the patient's presenting symptoms. When OMT is successful in resolving the patient's symptoms, this usually supports a musculoskeletal etiology; however, when confronted with recurrence of symptoms despite repeated successful resolution of these symptoms with OMT, the physician should suspect an organic etiology. This case demonstrates the importance of the osteopathic physician understanding viscerosomatic dysfunctions and the efficacy of the osteopathic approach to arriving at correct diagnoses. Of note, the osteopathic approach to a patient with recurring low back pain following OMT resulted in diagnosis of the underlying gynecological organic etiology for this patient's symptoms.

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