Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 130 requires companies to report comprehensive income in a primary financial statement, but allows its presentation in either a statement of comprehensive income or a statement of stockholders' equity (Financial Accounting Standards Board [FASB] 1997). In an experiment, we examine whether and how alternative presentation formats affect nonprofessional investors' processing of comprehensive‐income information, specifically, information disclosing the volatility of unrealized gains on available‐for‐sale marketable securities. The results show that nonprofessional investors' judgments of corporate and management performance reflect the volatility of comprehensive income only when it is presented in a statement of comprehensive income. We provide evidence consistent with our psychology‐based framework that these findings occur because format affects how nonprofessional investors weight comprehensive‐income information and not whether they acquire this information or how they evaluate it.
Effects of Comprehensive‐Income Characteristics on Nonprofessional Investors' Judgments: The Role of Financial‐Statement Presentation Format
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Laureen A. Maines, Linda S. McDaniel; Effects of Comprehensive‐Income Characteristics on Nonprofessional Investors' Judgments: The Role of Financial‐Statement Presentation Format. The Accounting Review 1 April 2000; 75 (2): 179–207. doi: https://doi.org/10.2308/accr.2000.75.2.179
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