ABSTRACT: We document the first systematic evidence on the characteristics and economic consequences of firms subject to employee allegations of corporate financial misdeeds. First, compared to a control group that avoided public whistle-blowing allegations, firms subject to whistle-blowing allegations were characterized by unique firm-specific factors that led employees to expose alleged financial misdeeds. Second, on average, whistle-blowing announcements were associated with a negative 2.8 percent market-adjusted five-day stock price reaction; this reaction was especially negative for allegations involving earnings management (−7.3 percent). Third, compared to a control group that exhibits similar characteristics, firms subject to whistle-blowing allegations were associated with further negative consequences including earnings restatements, shareholder lawsuits, and negative future operating and stock return performance. Finally, whistle-blowing targets exposed by the press were more likely to make subsequent improvements in corporate governance. Our results suggest whistle-blowing is far from a trivial nuisance for targeted firms, and on average, appears to be a useful mechanism for uncovering agency issues.
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Research Article| July 01 2010
Whistle-Blowing: Target Firm Characteristics and Economic Consequences
Robert M. Bowen;
Andrew C. Call;
The Accounting Review (2010) 85 (4): 1239–1271.
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Robert M. Bowen, Andrew C. Call, Shiva Rajgopal; Whistle-Blowing: Target Firm Characteristics and Economic Consequences. The Accounting Review 1 July 2010; 85 (4): 1239–1271. doi: https://doi.org/10.2308/accr.2010.85.4.1239
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