In the last three decades, tribes have initiated numerous food projects, including seed distribution, farmers' markets, cattle and bison ranching, and community and school gardens. These enterprises are steps towards achieving what many food activists refer to as “food sovereignty,” that is, tribal self-sufficiency and the ability to supply nutritious and affordable foods to tribal members. As many food activists have discovered, food production and distribution and maintaining healthy environments for farming, hunting, and gathering involve a complex meshing of social, political, religious, economic, and environmental concerns. Oklahoma is home to thirty-eight tribal nations. The state's multifaceted history, environmental issues, and current politics—including uneven food quality, poor indigenous health, intratribal factionalism, racism, and the glaring dichotomy of affluence and extreme poverty—presents opportunities for discussion about food initiatives. This paper discusses the meaning of “food sovereignty” and uses examples from Oklahoma to address some challenges of creating self-sufficient food systems and reconnecting tribal members with their traditional foodways.
Skip Nav Destination
Articles| January 01 2017
Searching for Haknip Achukma (Good Health): Challenges to Food Sovereignty Initiatives in Oklahoma
Search for other works by this author on:
American Indian Culture and Research Journal (2017) 41 (3): 9–30.
Devon Mihesuah; Searching for Haknip Achukma (Good Health): Challenges to Food Sovereignty Initiatives in Oklahoma. American Indian Culture and Research Journal 1 January 2017; 41 (3): 9–30. doi: https://doi.org/10.17953/aicrj.41.3.mihesuah
Download citation file:
Don't already have an account? Register
You could not be signed in. Please check your email address / username and password and try again.
Could not validate captcha. Please try again.
Sign in via your InstitutionSign in via your Institution
1 American Indian and Culture Research Journal Block of 3 Token
1 American Indian and Culture Research Journal Block of 5 Token
The Grand River Cayugas and International Arbitration, 1910–1926
Laurence M. Hauptman
Enacting Relationality: Remembering the Land in Land Acknowledgments
Sydney Beckmann, Khrystyne Wilson
Facebook Usage among Urban Indigenous Youth at Risk
Channarong Intahchomphoo, André Vellino, Odd Erik Gundersen