Between February 27 and May 8, 1973, Indigenous nationalists of the American Indian Movement and local Lakota reservation residents occupied the tiny hamlet of Wounded Knee, South Dakota. The intent behind the armed takeover was to highlight intratribal conflict over tribal governance on the local Pine Ridge reservation and demand a return to the treaty-making era. Halfway through the prolonged siege, Indigenous nationalists declared the Independent Oglala Nation—separate from the United States government—and proclaimed the setup of a modern-day warrior society. In that these parallel and intertwined actions suggest a close connection between manhood and nationhood in which nationalist warriors rallied in defense of a newly proclaimed nation, the armed confrontation at Wounded Knee can be understood as a highly gendered nation building project. This research article seeks to make new sense of these warriors for a nation and the intricate nature of masculinity and nationalism and to shed new light on the role of marginalized masculinities in processes of nation building—a significant, yet largely overlooked field of research.
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ARTICLES| April 28 2022
Warriors for a Nation: The American Indian Movement, Indigenous Men, and Nation Building at the Takeover of Wounded Knee in 1973
Matthias André Voigt
Matthias André Voigt
Matthias André Voigt’s research revolves around Indigenous activism and military service. He received his PhD from Goethe University Frankfurt in 2019. He also holds two master’s degrees (University of Heidelberg, 2004; University of St Andrews, 2002) and two teacher’s degrees (1st Staatsexamen from University of Heidelberg, 2004; 2nd Staatsexamen from Studienseminar Wiesbaden, 2008). He teaches high school in Berlin and lectures in Indigenous history at Free University Berlin and Goethe University Frankfurt. A book based on his dissertation research is in review at University of Kansas Press.
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American Indian Culture and Research Journal (2021) 45 (2): 1–38.
Matthias André Voigt; Warriors for a Nation: The American Indian Movement, Indigenous Men, and Nation Building at the Takeover of Wounded Knee in 1973. American Indian Culture and Research Journal 1 April 2021; 45 (2): 1–38. doi: https://doi.org/10.17953/aicrj.45.2.voigt
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