The factor structure, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) algorithm items were examined in a sample of 226 youngsters with pervasive developmental disabilities. Exploratory factor analyses indicated a three-factor solution closely resembling the original algorithm and explaining 38% of the variance, with one significant discrepancy: Unlike the algorithm, all nonverbal communication items were associated with the Social factor. Internal consistencies of domain scores ranged from .54 to .84. Correlations between ADI-R domain and total scores and instruments assessing adaptive behavior, psychopathology, and autism were examined. They indicated some similarities between constructs, but also that the ADI-R measures autism in a unique fashion.