Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the developmental trajectories of comprehension of relational concepts among 557 participants with intellectual disability (ID) of undifferentiated etiology (M age  =  12.20 years, SD  =  3.18) and 557 typically developing (TD) participants (M age  =  4.57 years, SD  =  0.80). Logistic regression analyses, with nonverbal cognitive level entered first in the equations, showed only negligible differences with regard to the discriminative power of each of the 72 concepts used as outcome variables, and moderate differences in difficulty for only three items. A moderate mixed effect (i.e., combining a group difference in difficulty and discriminative power) was observed for a fourth item. It is concluded that the developmental trajectories of relational concepts are similar for participants with or without ID. The implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

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