Previous research suggests that residence in non-metropolitan areas is associated with lower access to preventive care and poorer health. However, this research has been largely restricted to the general population, despite data demonstrating disparities in health status and access to healthcare services for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The current study examined several hypotheses involving the effects of rurality on access to preventive healthcare and services and health status: (1) individuals in non-metropolitan areas will have lower preventive healthcare utilization, (2) individuals in non-metropolitan areas will have poorer health outcomes, and (3) individuals in non-metropolitan areas will have poorer access to services. The current study uses data from the National Core Indicators (NCI) Adult Consumer Survey 2015–2016: Final Report which included Rural-Urban Commuting Area (RUCA) Codes for the first time. Results of logistic regression suggest that, despite connection to disability services, the health status and access to preventive healthcare services of people with IDD generally follow patterns similar to those observed in the general population. Namely, people with IDD in non-metropolitan areas have decreased access to healthcare services, preventive healthcare utilization, and health status. Despite some exceptions, it appears effects of rurality are not completely mitigated by current state and federal efforts.

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