Luciana Duranti's article, "The Concept of Appraisal and Archival Theory" challenges the very foundations of American appraisal practice. Duranti believes that through several fundamental errors American archivists have embraced a unique body of appraisal thought that "betray[s] archival accountability." This article examines Duranti's arguments and finds them unpersuasive. The article accepts the idea that there is a discontinuity with European appraisal theory; however, American appraisal practice reflects faithfully the American records and cultural environment. Operating within its own cultural context, American appraisal is as valid and legitimate as traditions emanating from other cultures and other times.

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