Although cardiac arrhythmias are occasionally associated with dental extractions and dental anesthesia, atrioventricular block is rarely seen during dental procedures. We report a rare case of type I second-degree atrioventricular block (Wenckebach phenomenon) occurring after bilateral extraction of impacted mandibular third molars under general anesthesia in a 16-year-old Japanese girl. Under consultation with a cardiovascular physician, we carefully monitored the patient's vital signs postoperatively, including blood pressure, oxygen saturation, and electrocardiogram, using a bedside monitor. Her postoperative course was uneventful. A 12-lead electrocardiogram the following day revealed no abnormality. In this case, we hypothesize that extubation of the nasotracheal tube or oral/pharyngeal suction might have triggered a vagal reflex that caused type I second-degree atrioventricular block. Our experience indicates that standard cardiovascular monitoring should be used for patients undergoing dental treatment under general anesthesia, even for young, healthy patients, to prevent and detect cardiovascular emergencies.

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