Postoperative sore throat is relatively frequent complication after orotracheal intubation. However, there are few reports about postoperative sore throat in nasotracheal intubation. In this retrospective study, we investigated the risk factors of postoperative sore throat in nasotracheal intubation.
Anesthesia records of patients 16 to 80 years of age who underwent nasotracheal intubation were included. Patients underwent oral and maxillofacial surgery from February 2015 until September 2018. Airway device (Macintosh laryngoscope, Pentax-AWS, or McGRATH video laryngoscope, or fiberoptic scope), sex, age, height, weight, American Society of Anesthesiologists classification, intubation attempts, duration of intubation, intubation time, tube size, and fentanyl and remifentanil dose were investigated. Fisher exact test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, Welch t test, and Steel-Dwass multiple test were used, and a multivariable analysis was performed using stepwise logistic regression to determine the risk factors of postoperative sore throat.
A total of 169 cases were analyzed, and 126 patients (74.6%) had a postoperative sore throat. Based on the univariate analysis of the data, 12 factors were determined to be potentially related to the occurrence of a postoperative sore throat. However, after evaluation using stepwise logistic regression analysis, the 2 remaining variables that correlated with postoperative sore throat were airway device (P < .05) and intubation attempts (P = .04). In the model using logistic regression analysis, the fiberoptic scope had the strongest influence on the incidence of sore throat with reference to Pentax-AWS (odds ratio = 5.25; 95% CI = 1.54–17.92; P < .05).
Use of a fiberoptic scope was identified as an independent risk factor for postoperative throat discomfort. Compared with direct laryngoscopy and other video laryngoscopes, the use of a fiberoptic scope had a significantly higher incidence of sore throat.