The patient was a 56-year-old woman who complained of chronic pain involving her tongue. We diagnosed her with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) based on exclusion of any local factors or systemic conditions. The patient not only had tongue pain but also had other signs and symptoms like scalloped tongue, dry mouth, and headache. To manage these additional issues, we used Goreisan, an herbal Kampo medicine, as a complementary alternative medicine (CAM) approach along with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). The patient’s BMS was successfully managed with the combination of CAM and CBT, which may suggest that the pathophysiology for BMS might be nociplastic pain rather than purely nociceptive or neuropathic.

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