The purpose of this study was to determine whether the application of chlorhexidine to etched enamel affects the shear bond strength and bracket/adhesive failure modes of orthodontic brackets. Forty recently extracted third molars were cleaned and divided into two groups of twenty. The first group was etched with a 37% phosphoric acid gel, and a sealant was applied containing a chlorhexidine varnish. Stainless steel orthodontic brackets were bonded using the Transbond XT bonding system (3M/Unitek). Teeth in the second group were etched and bonded using the same bonding system but without chlorhexidine. A Zwick Universal Testing Machine was used to determine shear bond strengths. There were no significant differences in bond strengths between the chlorhexidine treated teeth (= 11.8±2.1 MPa) and the controls (= 12.4±3.1 MPa) (p = 0.129). The Chi Square test evaluating the residual adhesive on the enamel surfaces showed no significant differences (P = 0.136) between the two groups evaluated. The use of a primer containing chlorhexidine does not significantly affect shear bond strength nor the fracture site (bond failure location).

This content is only available as a PDF.