Village-dwelling Punjabi youths show significantly better dental occlusion and less chronic respiratory allergy than their city-dwelling counterparts. Field diagnosis finds posterior crossbite the only occlusal condition correlated with mouth breathing in the samples studied.

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Author notes

Dr. Corruccini is Associate Professor, Department of Anthropology, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale. He is a graduate of the University of Colorado-Boulder, and holds a Ph.D. degree in Dental Anthropology from the University of California at Berkeley

Dr. Flander is an Assistant Professor of Medical Anthropology and Epidemiology at the University of California at San Francisco. She holds B.A. and M.A. degrees from George Washington University and a Ph.D. in Anthropology from the University of Colorado at Boulder

Dr. Kaul is Reader, Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India. He is a graduate of Jammu and Kashmir University, and holds M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from Panjab University in Human Biology and Anthropology