A resin-reinforced glass ionomer cement, distributed commercially as “Fuji Ortho” (FO), has recently been developed for orthodontic bracket bonding procedures. The purposes of this study were to determine the tensile and shear bond strength of FO, to measure the amount of cement remaining on the enamel after bracket removal, and to evaluate the effects of experimental strain on the enamel surface. SEM evaluation demonstrated that polishing with 2400-grit waterproof abrasive paper followed by treatment with polyacrylic acid produced a smooth enamel surface without debris. No significant differences were seen in bond strengths between 24 hours and thermal cycling. Tensile and shear strengths of FO were significantly higher after thermal cycling than with conventional glass ionomer cement, at 3.4±0.7 MPa and 17.9±4.5 MPa, respectively. The Adhesive Remant Index (ARI) indicated that FO adhered firmly to the unetched enamel surface and its scores showed 2 to 3 after thermal cycling. Results of this investigation suggest that FO may serve as an advantageous alternative to composite resin for the bonding of orthodontic brackets.