The continuing excellence of The Angle Orthodontist is a result of the outstanding dedication and devotion of our world-wide group of reviewers. Our volunteer reviewers give generously of their time to advance of the science of orthodontics. We are grateful for their many contributions to the ever improving quality of care to our patients and scientific advancement. If our cut-off dates exclude anyone, we apologize and are indebted to each and thank each and every one of our reviewers for sharing their expertise.

Serpil Çokakoğlu

Aslıhan Zeynep Öz

Ales Čelar

Mona Aly A. Abbassy

A Abdelkarim

Luciana Baptista Pereira Abi-Ramia

Lucas Guimarães Abreu

Elham Saleh Abu Al-haija

ES J Abu Alhaija

Omar Abubaker

Moufida Abufarwa

Hyo-Won Ahn

Janghoon Ahn

Sug-Joon Ahn

Bhoomika Ahuja

Bengisu Akarsu-Guven

Mehmet Okan Akcam

Erol Akin

Mehmet Akin

Atılım Akkurt

Heba Elsayed Akl

Zohaib Akram

Sertac Aksakalli

Muge Aksu

Sercan Akyalcin

Emad Farhan Al Maaitah

Amjad Al Taki

Ra'ed Al-Dboush

Thikriat Al-Jewair

Susan Nadeem Al-Khateeb

Iyad al-omari

Mohammad Khursheed Alam

Mohammad Khursheed Alam

Aron Aliaga-Del Castillo

Mani Alikhani

Ruba M Alkadhi

Eman Alkofide

Samuel Allen

Marcio Rodrigues Almeida

Renato R Almeida

Rhita Cristina Cunha Almeida

Renata Rodrigues Almeida-Pedrin

ahmad saleem Alsafadi

Noura Alsufyani

Ayse Tuba Altug

Michel Amoric

Hongseok An

Jung-Sub An

Ildeu Andrade

Fernanda Angelieri

Oscar Mario Antelo

Gregory S Antonarakis

Mônica Tirre de Souza Araújo

Kazuhito Arai

Elsa Arango

Isil Aras

Eustaquio A Araujo

Anil P Ardeshna

Eiichiro Ariji

Luis Ernesto Arriola-Guillén

Sivakumar Arunachalam

Athanasios E Athanasiou

Ezgi Atik

Phimon Atsawasuwan

Hasan Babacan

Lisa Babb

Hisham Badawi

Serene A. Badran

Seung-Hak Baek

Ding Bai

UB Baik

Zeliha Müge Baka

Richard W. Ballard

Burcu Baloş Tuncer

Susan Baloul

Sophy Kathleen Barber

Elvi Marie Barcoma

Erfan Bardideh

Mason Bates

Sheldon Bates

Klaus Barretto dos Santos Lopes Batista

Panchali Batra

Sebastian Baumgärtel

Mohamed Bayome

Asli Baysal

Farhan Bazargani

Till Edward Bechtold

Cynthia Sue Beeman

Carlos Bellot-Arcis

Philip Edward Benson

Ana Zilda Nazar Bergamo

Robert Bergman

Michael Hans Bertl

David W. Berzins

Wasundhara A Bhad

Rekha Bharadwaj

Subraya Giliyar Bhat

Ali Altuğ Bicakci

Dirk Bister

Krister Bjerklin

Niko Christian Bock

Belen Bolas-Colvee

Prashanti Bollu

Lars Bondemark

Ali Borzabadi-Farahani

Jose A. Bosio

Normand Simon J. Boucher

Christoph Bourauel

S. Jay Bowman

Robert L. Boyd

Erdal Bozkaya

William A. Brantley

Dr. Naphtali Brezniak

Taylor Brown

María Isabel Brusca

Musa Bulut

Samuel Jackson Burrow

Peter H Buschang

Dr. Thomas W. Butterfoss

Suleyman Kutalmış Buyuk

Friedrich K. Byloff

Giorgio Cacciatore

José de Albuquerque Calansans-Maia

Sergei Godeiro Fernandes Rabelo Caldas

Leonardo Tavares Camardella

Simon Camilleri

Phillip M Campbell

Nehir Canigur Bavbek

Li Cao

Mauricio de Almeida Cardoso

Caroline K Carrico

Matthew Caspersen

Michele Cassetta

Attilio Castaldo

Tommaso Castroflorio

Raisa Catunda

Ales Celar

Fatih Celebi

Jung Yul Cha

Jong-Moon Chae

Sylvain Chamberland

Dave Chambers

Jenny Zwei-Chieng Chang

Chidsanu Changsiripun

Carole Charavet

Stella Chaushu

Hsiang-Ho Chen

Jie Chen

Roger Chen

Si Chen

Aditya Chhibber

Shang-Chen Chiu

Jin-Hyoung Cho

Sung Joo Cho

Sung-Hwan Choi

Yoon Jeong Choi

Vinay K Chugh

Chooryung Judi Chung

Chun-Hsi Chung

Dong Hwa Chung

Kyu-Rhim Chung

Iacopo Cioffi

Joni Augusto Cirelli

George J. Cisneros

MT Cobourne

Richard Scott Conley

Ana Claudia de Castro Ferreira Conti

Gaston Federico Coutsiers Morell

David A Covell

Paola Cozza

Thays Crosara Abrahão Cunha

Fräns Currier

V D'anto

Tarisai C. Dandajena

Moshe Davidovitch

Amirparviz Davoody

Amanda Cunha Regal de Castro

Karina Maria Salvatore de Freitas

Marcos Roberto de Freitas

Eduardo Martinelli de Lima

Graziela De Luca Canto

Toru Deguchi

Marinho Del Santo

Anton Demling

Gabriele Di Carlo

Serge Dibart

Andrew DiBiase

Furkan Dindaroğlu

Joseph Samba Diouf

Tatacipta Dirgantara

Zachary DiSpirito

Esma J Dogramaci

Angela Domínguez

Gladys Cristina Dominguez

Richard E. Donatelli

Umal H Doshi

Eliane Hermes Dutra

Faraj Edher

Osama Eissa

Tarek H El Bialy

Eman Hossameldin Elabbassy

George Eliades

Theodore Eliades

Sherif Aly Mahmoud Elkordy

Tarek Elshebiny

Soo-Heang Eo

Matthew Lawrence Eppright

Emire Aybuke Erdur

Eduardo Espinar

Eduardo Espinar.Escalona

Maamar Mohammed Essamet

Jorge Faber

Alizae Marny Fadzlin Syed Mohamed

Nathalia Carolina Fernandes Fagundes

Drew Wayne Fallis

Nashid Fareen

Rodrigo Duarte Farias

Liana Fattori

Anita Fekonja

Ingalill Feldmann

Murilo Fernando Neuppmann Feres

Donald J Ferguson

Henry W Fields

Allen Firestone

Padhraig S. Fleming

Carlos Flores-Mir

Moritz Foersch

Patrick Foley

Lorenzo Franchi

Sylvia A Frazier-Bowers

Karina Freitas

Maria Perpétua Mota Freitas

Reid Friesen

Piotr Fudalej

Luiz Gonzaga Gandini Junior

Xuemei Gao

Daniela Gamba Garib

Erhan Gelgor

Allahyar Geramy

Alice Germa

Derya Germec Cakan

Joseph George Ghafari

Ahmed Ghoneima

Silvia Gianoni-Capenakas

Julia Giardina

Nikolaos Gkantidis

Nikhil Gogna

Hatice Gokalp

Robert B. Goldman

Janina Golob Deeb

Juan Pablo Gomez

Tatiana Gonçalves

Mithran Goonewardene

Hande Gorucu Coskuner

Vincenzo Grassia

Peter Michael Greco

Jackson Griffeth

Cristina Grippaudo

Justin Groody

Thorsten Gruenheid

Min Gu

Yan Gu

Carlos Henrique Guimarães Júnior

Ricardo Danil Guiraldo

Jing Guo

Abhishek Gupta

Júlio A Gurgel

Abeer Hadidi

Sigurd Hadler-Olsen

Mohammad Younis Hajeer

Ahmad Mohammad Hamdan

Shaza Mohamed Hammad

Unae Kim Han

Mark Hans

Anne Miller Harper

Edward F Harris

Lacey Harris

Bruce S. Haskell

Ali Habiballah Hassan

Amir Hatami

Tohru Hayakawa

Hong He

Shushu He

Mônica Vilela Heimer

José Fernando Fernando Castanha Henriques

Giseon Heo

Farzin Heravi

Lori Herman

Ivonne A Hernandez

Bryan Hicks

Miguel Hirschhaut

Michael Holbert

Isabella Simoes Holz

Christine Yeumin hong

Shinya Horiuchi

Wei Hu

Xiaoying Hu

Luis Tomas Huanca Ghislanzoni

Greg Huang

Li Huang

SY Huang

Sarandeep Huja

Riley Hunsaker

Hye-Won Hwang

Hyeon-Shik Hwang

Soonshin Hwang

Alejandro Iglesias-Linares

Masahiro Iijima

Zehra Ileri

Serena Incerti Parenti

Marita Rohr Inglehart

Anthony John Ireland

Haluk Iseri

Yoshihito Ishihara

Gaetano Isola

Laura R Iwasaki

Tomonori Iwasaki

Helder Baldi Jacob

Collin Jacobs

Aniket Jadhav

Andreas Jager

Gundega Jakobsone

Nandakumar Janakiraman

Insan Jang

Guilherme Janson

Ashok Kumar Jena

T. Scott Jenkins

Luis Jesus

Jiu-Hui Jiang

Drazen Jokic

Lisa Jolly

Greg Jorgensen

Eva Josefsson

Min-Ho Jung

Woo-Sun Jung

Rebecca Jungbauer

Eyüp Burak Küçük

Onur Kadioglu

Vignesh Kailasam

Masato Kaku

Zamira Kalemaj

Varun Kalra

Ranjit H Kamble

Hiroshi Kamioka

Lylian Kazumi Kanashiro

Georgios Kanavakis

Yoon-Goo Kang

Alpdogan Kantarci

Hiroyuki Kanzaki

Chia-Tze Kao

Gülden Karabiber

Carmen Karadeniz

Carmen Beatriz Karadeniz

Ersan Karadeniz

Ersan Ilsay Karadeniz

Višnja Katić

Thomas R Katona

Chung How Kau

Harsimrat Kaur

Emine Kaygisiz

Om Prakash Kharbanda

Edmund Khoo

Rooz Khosravi

Do-Gyoon Kim

Hae-Young Kim

Ki Beom Kim

Kyung-Ho Kim

Min-Gyu Kim

Seong-Hun Kim

Su-Jung Kim

Tae-Kyung Kim

Tae-Woo Kim

Yong-Il Kim

Yoon-Ji Kim

Yoonji Kim

Young Ho Kim

Hera Kim-Berman

Beyza Hancioglu Kircelli

Yukio Kitafusa

Noriyuki Kitai

Hideki Kitaura

Arndt Klocke

Michael Knoesel

Ching-Chang Ko

Leonardo Koerich

Dimitrios Konstantonis

Yoon-Ah Kook

Lorne D. Koroluk

Neal D Kravitz

Vinod Krishnan

N. Rengarajan Krishnaswamy

Andrew J. Kuhlberg

Boonlert Kukiattrakoon

Rohit Subodh Kulshrestha

Vandana Kumar

Gökmen Kurt

Jin Hee Kwak

Tae-Yub Kwon

Manuel O Lagravere

Wenli Lai

Bernd G. Lapatki

Matthew Larson

Daniel Laskin

Kee-Joon Lee

Kyung-Min Lee

Moonyoung B Lee

Shin-Jae Lee

Sun-Kyung Lee

Wei-Cheng Lee

Yan-Ting Lee

Yong-Keun Lee

Chidchanok Leethanakul

Rosalia Leonardi

Mitchell levine

Timothy Paul Levine

Weiran Li

Yu Li

Hoi-Jeong Lim

Seung-Weon Lim

Ting-Sheng Lin

Steven J Lindauer

Roberta Lione

Eric Jein-Wein Liou

Jun Liu

Sean Liu

Antonino Lo Giudice

Luca Lombardo

Hu Long

Alessandra Lucchese

Zong Pong Luo

Suwannee Luppanapornlarp

Kok Weng Lye

Anthony Tannous Macari

Soraia Macari

Anthony Mair

Ivo Marek

Leandro Silva Marques

Mariana Marquezan

John Marriot

Renato Parsekian Martins

Ivan Toshio Maruo

Mohamed I Masoud

Claudia Trindade Mattos

Maria Mavragani

Stephen Mccown

Neville McDonald

Leland McFadden

Niall JP McGuinness

Shivam Mehta

Li Mei

Sila Mermut Gokce

Marco Migliorati

Marcin Mikulewicz

Peter Miles

Angela Militi

Matthew Miner

Alizae Marny Mohamed

Mona Abdelaziz Montasser

Jun-Ho Moon

Sang Woon Moon

Patrick Moran

Lorri A Morford

Alexandre Moro

John Y Morton

Yehya A. Mostafa

Alexandre Trindade Motta

Manuela Mucedero

Padma M Mukherjee

Alexandrina Muntean

Simone Muraglie

Owais Naeem

Aparna Naidu

Farhad B. Naini

Ruhi Nalcaci

Yasuhiro Namura

Tulasi Nayak

John Neubert

Frederico Sampaio Neves

Peter Ngan

Jonathan Nicozisis

Xuguang Nie

James Noble

Daniel Alan Noll

David Normando

Bill Northway

Mahtab Nouri

Riccardo Nucera

Heesoo Oh

Dauro Douglas Oliveira

Hatice Kubra Olkun

Kaan Orhan

Metin Orhan

Kunihiko Otsubo

Olayinka Donald Otuyemi

Maja Ovsenik

Fulya Ozdemir

Taner Ozturk

Camila Pachêco-Pereira

Sridevi Padmanabhan

Eung-Kwon Pae

Corrado Paganelli

J Martin Palomo

Hande Pamukcu

Nikolaos Pandis

Valmy Pangrazio-Kulbersh

Alexandra papadopolou

Alexandra Papadopoulou

Spyridon N. Papageorgiou

Ratna Parameswaran

Vanessa Paredes-Gallardo

Hyo-Sang Park

Jae Hyun Park

Ji-Ae Park

Ki-Ho Park

Young Guk Park

Young-Seok Park

David Parks

Simone Parrini

Madurantakam Parthasarathy

E Paschos

Romeo Patini

Dr. Hans Ulrik Paulsen

Chiara Pavoni

Sheldon Peck

Timo Peltomaki

Valfrido Antonio Pereira-Filho

Letizia Perillo

Giuseppe Perinetti

Maria Grazia Piancino

Fabio Henrique de S. L. Pinheiro

Lauren Pinkus

K Pirilä-Parkkinen

Pertti Mikael Pirttiniemi

Matheus Melo Pithon

Omur Polat Ozsoy

Birte Prahl-Andersen

Anbarasu Prema

Thyagaseely Sheela Premaraj

Jasmina Primozic

Andreu Puigdollers

Anthony M. Puntillo

Wasif Qayyum

Sreevatsan Raghavan

Sabri Ilhan Ramoglu

Adilson Luiz Ramos

Joe Rebellato

Shravan Renapurkar

Alexandre Antônio Ribeiro

Alyssa Gutierrez Ricci

W. Eugene Roberts

Eduardo Passos Rocha

Wellington J Rody

Dan L Romanyk

Roberto Rongo

P. Emile Rossouw

AC de Oliveira Ruellas

Sabine Ruf

Antonino Russo

Sharanya Sabarish

Mais Sadek

Humam Saltaji

Bancha Samruajbenjakun

Satpal Singh Sandhu

Lucas Garcia Santana

Ary Santos-Pinto

Cagla Sar

Harish Kumar Sardana

M Ozgur Sayin

Robert H Schindel

Rogelio J Scougall-Vilchis

Andrea Scribante

Michelle Sendyk

Chiarella Sforza

Miriam Shalish

Lina Sharab

Fouad ALY Sharaby

Karan Sharma

Bella Shen Garnett

Martyn Sherriff

Pradip Shetye

Jennifer Shim

Michael Charles Shoff

Bhavna Shroff

Iosif Sifakakis

G Dave Singh

Varun Pratap singh

Saritha Sivarajan

Martina Slaj

Oral Sokucu

Jinlin Song

Andrew L Sonis

Liselotte Sonnesen

Bernardo Quiroga Souki

Tom Southard

Tonya Spangler

Clara Spatafore

Michael E. Spoon

Edoardo Staderini

Thomas Stamm

Neda Stefanovic

Junji Sugawara

Heeyeon Suh

Zongyang Sun

Sunjay Suri

Eduardo Yugo Suzuki

Selly Sayuri Suzuki

Rick Svitzer

Aditya Tadinada

Ki Chul Tae

Ichiro Takahashi

Masahiro Takahashi

Teruko Takano-Yamamoto

Dania Tamimi

Eiji Tanaka

Tanaka Motohiro Tanaka

Lale Taner

Chihiro Tanika

Chihiro Tanikawa

Kotaro Tanimoto

Kazuo Tanne

Cristina Teixeira

E m Thickett

Guilherme Thiesen

Murray Thompson

Udom Thongudomporn

Terri Tilliss

Hiroshi Tomonari

Darlyane Torres

Michael John Trenouth

Carroll-Ann Trotman

Yu-Chuan Tseng

Hiroko Tsuda

Eser Tufekci

Orhan Cecil Tuncay

Hakan Turkkahraman

Yasuki Uchida

Hiroshi Ueno

Madhur Upadhyay

Flavio Uribe

Gonzalo Alonso Uribe Restrepo

Weber Silva Ursi

OZGE Uslu Akcam

Ayca Ustdal Guney

Achint Utreja

Aslihan Uzel

Fatma Deniz Uzuner

Nikhilesh R Vaid

Danilo Pinelli Valarelli

Francisco Vale

Ashima Valiathan

Edsard van Steenbergen

Bart Vande Vannet

Heleni Vastardis

Silvia Amélia Scudeler Vedovello

Kabilan VelliyaGounder

Antheunis Versluis

Grace Costa Viana

Alexandre Rezende Vieira

Katherine W L Vig

Letizia Vigiani

Gisli Vilhjalmsson

Smorntree Viteporn

Robert Willer Farinazzo Vitral

John Voudouris

Sunil Wadhwa

Peter Wamalwa

Xiao-ming Wang

Atalia Wasserstein

Simon Watkinson

André Weissheimer

Mang Chek Wey

Andrea Wichelhaus

Leslie Will

Allison Williams

Benedict Wilmes

William Wiltshire

Michael Geoffrey Woods

Tai-Hsien Wu

Tingxi Wu

Xiaoqiu Xie

Yanhua Xu

Sumit Yadav

Ahmet Yagci

Takakazu Yagi

Kazunori Yamaguchi

Masaru Yamaguchi

Takashi Yamashiro

Il-Hyung Yang

Yanqi Yang

Yoshitaka Yasuda

Marilia Yatabe

Ching Yu Yen

Enver Yetkiner

Yuseung Yi

Hakan Yilmaz

Mohamed Hasan Youssef

Hooman Zarif Najafi

Piero Antonio Zecca

Kinan G. Zeno

Andrej Zentner

Chi Zhang

Xingzhong (John) Zhang

Linping Zhao

Zhihe Zhao

Yanheng Zhou

Spiros Zinelis

Ioannis P Zogakis

Bingshuang Zou