ABSTRACT

Objectives

To assess changes in spheno-occipital synchondrosis after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) performed with conventional tooth-borne (TB) and bone-borne (BB) appliances.

Materials and Methods

This study included 40 subjects with transverse maxillary deficiency who received TB RME or BB RME. Cone-beam computed tomography images (CBCT) were taken before treatment (T0), and after a 6-month retention period (T1). Three-dimensional surface models of the spheno-occipital synchondrosis and basilar part of the occipital bone were generated. The CBCTs taken at T0 and T1 were registered at the anterior cranial fossa via voxel-based superimposition. Quantitative evaluation of Basion displacement was performed with linear measurements and Euclidean distances. The volume of the synchndrosis was also calculated for each time point as well as the Nasion-Sella-Basion angle (N-S-Ba°). All data were statistically analyzed to perform inter-timing and intergroup comparisons.

Results

In both groups, there was a small increment of the volume of the synchondrosis and of N-S-Ba° (P < .05). Basion showed a posterosuperior pattern of displacement. However, no significant differences (P > .05) were found between the two groups.

Conclusions

Although TB and BB RME seemed to have some effects on the spheno-occipital synchondrosis, differences were very small and clinically negligible.

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Author notes

a

Full Professor, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

b

Research Fellow, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

c

Professor, Orthodontic Graduate Program, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

d

Full Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, School of Dentistry, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Italy.

e

Assistant Professor, Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

f

Adjunct Professor, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.