To compare the transfer accuracy of two different indirect bonding (IDB) trays.

Materials and Methods

Digital IDB was performed on a total of 30 patients using one of two designs: shell and bar trays, with 15 patients in each group. Trays were designed with the Appliance Designer software (3Shape A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark). Angular (torque, tip, angulation) and linear (mesiodistal, buccolingual, occlusogingival) differences were compared between the bonded intraoral scans taken immediately after IDB and the virtually bracketed model prepared in Ortho Analyzer software (3Shape A/S) using open source GOM inspect software (GOM GmbH, Braunschweig, Germany).


There were no significant differences found between the bar and shell groups. Within the groups, significant tip differences were found between the incisors, canines, and premolars in both groups (P = .0001). Additionally, a statistically significant torque difference was found in the canines and incisors in the shell group. The percentage of values that deviated from the clinical acceptance limit was relatively higher in the bar group.


Although there was no statistical difference between groups, the shell tray showed better results according to clinical acceptability limits. This study is important as it is the first clinical study to compare directly printed transfer trays with different designs.

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Author notes


 Specialist, Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Marmara University.


 Specialist, Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Yeditepe University.