To compare deep overbite treatment using 0.016 × 0.022 nickel-titanium lower reverse curve of Spee archwire (LRCA) or metal anterior bite turbos (ABTs).
48 patients with deep overbite malocclusion were randomly allocated into two groups. Group I (age = 18.4 ± 2.8 years, overbite = 5.8 ± 0.6 mm) was treated with LRCA, while Group II (age = 18.2 ± 3.1 years, overbite = 5.2 ± 0.4 mm) was treated with ABTs bonded to the palatal surface of the upper central incisors. Two cephalograms were taken for each patient, at post-alignment stage (T1) and post-leveling stage (T2). The primary outcomes were the anteroposterior and vertical changes of the lower teeth. The secondary outcomes were the effect on upper incisor inclination and the vertical linear changes of upper teeth, to assess the sagittal and vertical skeletal changes, and to compare the duration of overbite correction.
42 of the 48 patients recruited completed the study (21 in each group). At T2, the lower incisors proclined more in Group I (P ≤ .001). Both lower second molars (P ≤ .001) and lower first molars (P = .001) tipped more distally, while the lower first premolar tipped more mesially, in Group I (P < .05). All cusps of both lower molars showed more extrusion in Group II (P < .05) except for the mesial cusp of lower second molars (P = .095). The duration of overbite correction was shorter using the ABTs by 1.7 months (4.85 ± 1.56 and 3.15 ± 0.93 months for Group I and Group II, respectively).
LRCA causes lower incisor proclination with distal tipping of lower molars, while ABTs result in lower posterior tooth extrusion.
Orthodontic MClindent Student, Division of Orthodontics, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.
Full Professor, Division of Orthodontics, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.