Amelogenesis imperfecta is a rare hereditary disorder that affects dental enamel and is often associated with an anterior open bite. Orthodontic treatment of a 16-year-old female patient with hypocalcified amelogenesis imperfecta and a 9-mm anterior open bite was presented. Radiographic examination revealed a steep mandibular plane angle, an increased lower face height, a Class II skeletal pattern, and a convex profile. Additionally, the patient had stainless steel crowns on all upper and lower posterior teeth and composite veneers on the upper anterior teeth. The patient was treated nonsurgically using a multiloop edgewise archwire (MEAW). MEAW mechanics allowed for successful correction of the anterior open bite, with significant reduction in the mandibular plane angle and improvement in the patient's profile. No fixed retainers were used, results remained stable 78 months after removal of orthodontic appliances. MEAW mechanics should be considered for patients with large anterior open bites, although this technique requires excellent patient compliance.
Clinical Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.
Professor, Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Illinois, Chicago, Illinois, USA.