ABSTRACT

Objective

To determine the effect of alveolar decortication on orthodontically induced root resorption.

Materials and Methods

A total of 24 male Wistar rats (14 week old) were used. The rats were randomly divided into one of the following three groups: group 1 (control group), orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) for 2 weeks; group 2, OTM for 2 weeks + two alveolar decortications (2AD); group 3, OTM for 2 weeks + four alveolar decortications (4AD). The first molar was moved mesially for 2 weeks. Micro computed tomography was used to analyze root volume. In addition, histological sections were stained with Tartrate Resistant Acid Phosphatase (TRAP) to quantify the osteoclast number.

Results

The buccal root volume in OTM + 4AD group was decreased by 8.92% and 6.11% when compared with the OTM-only group and OTM + 2AD group, respectively. Similarly, the other four root volumes in the OTM + 4AD group was decreased by 8.99% and 5.24% when compared with the OTM-only group and OTM + 2AD group, respectively. There was a decrease in buccal root density in the OTM + 4AD group by 4.66% and 3.56% when compared with the OTM-only group and the OTM + 2AD group, respectively. In addition, there was an increase in the number of osteoclasts by 195.73% and 98.74% in OTM + 4AD group in comparison with the OTM and OTM + 2AD group.

Conclusions

The amount of orthodontically induced root resorption was positively correlated with the extent of surgical injury used to accelerate orthodontic tooth movement.

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Author notes

a

Orthodontic Resident; and Postdoctoral Fellow, Division of Orthodontics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, United States

b

Private Practice, San Jose, CA, United States.

c

Assistant Professor, Division of Orthodontics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, United States.

d

Orthodontic Resident, Division of Orthodontics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, United States.

e

Professor Emeritus, Division of Orthodontics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, United States.

f

Associate Professor, Division of Orthodontics, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, United States.