A 25-year-old woman presented with left condylar hyperplasia, canting-type facial asymmetry, mandibular prognathism, and arch width discrepancy. Bone scintigraphy confirmed the inactive status of the condyle, and the temporomandibular joint functioned within the normal range; thus, orthognathic surgery without condylectomy was performed. To correct facial asymmetry successfully through orthognathic surgery, sufficient dentoalveolar decompensation must be achieved in the presurgical orthodontic phase. In cases of canting-type facial asymmetry, teeth on the nondeviated side are extruded as dentoalveolar compensation. Therefore, vertical decompensation is required for intrusion of the extruded teeth. A miniscrew and resin build-ups were used for the intrusion of teeth, and posterior segmental osteotomy was simultaneously performed with orthognathic surgery for further intrusion. The canting-type facial asymmetry was notably corrected through successful vertical decompensation and close cooperation between orthodontists and maxillofacial surgeons. After 2 years of retention, the treatment results remained stable.
Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Dental Research Institute, and Dental and Life Science Institute, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, South Korea.
Private Practice, Seoul, South Korea.
Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Dental Research Institute, and Dental and Life Science Institute, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, South Korea.