Objectives

To investigate the relationship between circummaxillary sutures and miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expansion (MARPE) success in adult male patients and to evaluate the correlation between the width of the sutures and the maxilla expansion ratio.

Materials and Methods

This retrospective study comprised 40 adult male patients treated with MARPE divided into a separation group (N = 20, mean age, 21.9 years) consisting of subjects with midpalatal suture opening and a nonseparation group (N = 20, mean age, 21.7 years) consisting of subjects with no midpalatal suture opening. Cone-beam computed tomography images were obtained before MARPE expansion for both groups and after expansion for the separation group. Vertical and horizontal skeletal relationships, palate length, and widths of 10 circummaxillary sutures before expansion were compared. The correlation between maxilla expansion ratio (jackscrew expansion to maxillary expansion ratio) and circummaxillary suture widths was also analyzed in the separation group.

Results

There were no significant differences in age, vertical and horizontal skeletal relationships, and palate length between the two groups. Zygomaticomaxillary, pterygomaxillary, midpalatal, and transverse palatine sutures showed significantly greater width in the separation group (P < .05). The zygomaticomaxillary suture showed the greatest difference (Δ = 0.36 mm) between the groups. The zygomaticomaxillary and pterygomaxillary sutures showed significant positive correlation with the maxilla expansion ratio (P < .01).

Conclusions

In adult male patients, greater circummaxillary suture widths before MARPE expansion, especially zygomaticomaxillary and pterygomaxillary sutures, resulted in a better chance of successful suture separation and more maxillary expansion.

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Author notes

a

Fellow, Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Craniofacial Deformity, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

b

Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Craniofacial Deformity, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.

c

Professor, Department of Orthodontics, Institute of Craniofacial Deformity, College of Dentistry, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea.