To compare the degree of accuracy of the Face Hunter facial scanner and the Dental Pro application for facial scanning, with respect to both manual measurements and each other.
Twenty-five patients were measured manually and scanned using each device. Six reference markers were placed on each subject's face at the cephalometric points Tr, Na′, Prn, Pog′, and L–R Zyg. Digital measurement software was used to calculate the distances between the cephalometric reference points on each of the scans. Geomagic X Control was used to superimpose the scans, automatically determining the best-fit alignment and calculating the percentage of overlapping surfaces within the tolerance ranges.
Individual comparisons of the four distances measured anthropometrically and on the scans yielded an intraclass correlation coefficient index greater than .9. The t-test for matched samples yielded a P value below the significance threshold. Right and left cheeks reached around 60% of the surface, with a margin of error between 0.5 mm and −0.5 mm. The forehead was the only area in which most of the surface fell within the poorly reproducible range, presenting values out of tolerance of more than 20%.
Three-dimensional scans of the facial surface provide an excellent analytical tool for clinical evaluation; it does not appear that one or the other of the measuring tools is systematically more accurate, and the cheeks are the area with the highest average percentage of surface in the highly reproducible range.
Postgraduate Student, Postgraduate School of Orthodontics, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.
Research Assistant, Faculty of Banking and Insurance, Catholic University of Milan, Milan, Italy.
Chairman, School of Dentistry, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.
Professor and Chairman, Postgraduate School of Orthodontics, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, Italy.