ABSTRACT

Objectives

To examine the effect of micro-osteoperforation (MOP) on the space closure rate using passive self-ligating or conventional brackets.

Materials and Methods

This was a two-arm parallel randomized controlled trial undertaken at the outpatient department of a dental college. There were 60 participants (30 women and 30 men) who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Both the study and control groups were subjected to MOPs throughout the period of space closure. MOPs were repeated every 28 days. The experimental group (mean age 19.5 ± 1.66 years) was bonded with passive self-ligating brackets while the control group (mean age 19.9 ± 1.13 years) was bonded with conventional brackets. Both groups were examined and compared for rate of space closure. An evaluation was conducted for both groups until the entire extraction space was closed and confirmed by evaluation of a tight contact between the canine and the second premolar using a piece of dental floss.

Results

Before the initiation of retraction, all initial criteria were similar between the two groups (P > .05). No difference was observed between the two groups in the rate of space closure (P > .05).

Conclusions

MOP in conjunction with passive self-ligation does not increase the rate of orthodontic space closure when compared with MOP used with conventional brackets.

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Author notes

a

Postgraduate student, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Institute of Dental Sciences and Technologies, Modinagar, UP, India.

b

Professor and Head, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Institute of Dental Sciences and Technologies, Modinagar, UP, India.

c

Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Institute of Dental Sciences and Technologies, Modinagar, UP, India.

d

Associate Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Institute of Dental Sciences and Technologies, Modinagar, UP, India.

e

Assistant Professor, Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Institute of Dental Sciences and Technologies, Modinagar, UP, India.