To systematically evaluate the effect of the surgery-first approach (SFA) on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in patients with dentofacial deformities.
An electronic database search and hand search of selected journals and references were carried out. Studies investigating the OHRQoL of patients receiving SFA with or without a control group were included. The risk of bias was assessed by the Cochrane risk of bias tool in randomized clinical trials (RCTs) and the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale in non-RCTs.
A total of seven articles met the eligible criteria and were included, of which six were cohort studies and one was an RCT, and six assessed the OHRQoL of the SFA with conventional orthodontic–surgical treatment (COST) as a control and one without. A total of 214 patients were examined, with sample sizes in studies ranging from 9 to 50. A total of 3 articles successfully measured the OHRQoL both before and after treatment in both the SFA and conventional orthodontic–surgical treatment groups. A total of six cohort studies were classified as low to moderate risk of bias, and the RCT was classified as high.
The SFA could improve the OHRQoL of patients with dentofacial deformities similar to conventional orthodontic–surgical treatment at the end of complete treatment. In addition, it increases OHRQoL immediately at the beginning of treatment without a deterioration.
Postgraduate Student, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
Research Assistant, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center of Oral Diseases, Department of Orthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.