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Information for Contributors

The Angle Orthodontist is the official publication of the Edward H Angle Society of Orthodontists. The EH Angle Education and Research Foundation, Inc. retains the copyright to all materials published in the journal. As an open access journal, we do not charge readers or their institutions for access. The Foundation invites users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the articles published in The Angle Orthodontist, provided all use is for non-commercial purposes and proper attribution is made to the source as being "The Angle Orthodontist".

Please be aware that The Angle Orthodontist participates in the CrossCheckTM initiative and that all submissions are subject to screening with iThenticate software to detect plagiarism.

Please organize and enter your Original Article manuscript using the following headings (Case reports and other types of articles may vary):

COVER LETTER--Must contain the following:

Conflict of Interest--Authors are required to declare all conflicts of interest during the electronic submission process and provide details in the cover letter.

Copyright Releases - The following written statement, signed by one of the authors and acting on behalf of all of the authors, must accompany all manuscripts:

"The undersigned author transfers all copyright ownership of the manuscript (fill in the title of your manuscript) to The Angle Orthodontist in the event the work is published. The undersigned author warrants that the article is original, is not under consideration for publication by another journal and has not been previously published. I sign for and accept responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all coauthors."

Direct quotations, tables or images that have appeared elsewhere in copyrighted material must be accompanied by a signed release from the copyright owner. Complete information identifying the source of the material is required.

Patient Releases - A signed release must be obtained for all images that contain identifiable patients or human subjects. These releases must be retained indefinitely by the Corresponding Author. A cover letter must be submitted with the manuscript attesting to the fact that all applicable patient releases were obtained and are on file with the Corresponding Author.

Each release statement must be on a separate page, include the manuscript title, all authors' names and contain a copy of the following statement signed by the patient:

"I hereby grant all rights to publish photographs or other images of me in the above manuscript where I appear as a patient or subject without payment of any kind. I have been informed that any images of me that do appear may be modified."


    Articles must be original and written in clear English. The total article file must be entered as one document and must contain the Title, Abstract, Text References and Figure Legends. The article file must not exceed a maximum of 3500 words. To determine the number of words in your document, go to the toolbar, click on tools and then click on word count.

    For randomized trials, the CONSORT guidelines are strongly recommended.

    For Systematic Reviews, use the PRISMA statement for uniformity in reporting format. Follow the proposed structure and subheadings whenever possible. The article file for systematic reviews must not exceed a maximum of 4000 words.
    For Letters to the Editor, the article file must not exceed a maxiumum of 250 words.

    Please enter only the following items in the article file:

    • Title of the manuscript

    • Abstract - The Angle Orthodontist is using a structured abstract which must be limited to 250 words. The abstract should conform to the following outline and not contain an introduction, literature review or discussion.

      Objective: List the specific goal(s) of the research.
      Materials and Methods: Briefly describe the procedures you used to accomplish this work. Leave the small details for the manuscript itself.
      Results: Identify the results that were found as a result of this study.
      Conclusion: List the specific conclusion(s) that can be drawn based on the results of this study.

    • Manuscript text - Please remove all references to the author's identity or institutions as manuscripts are peer reviewed anonymously. An original article text will contain the following in order:

      INTRODUCTION - This section states the purpose of the research and includes a brief summary of the literature describing the current state of the field. A statement explaining how the study is unique and adds to what is already known is required.

      MATERIALS AND METHODS -This section states exactly what was done and should enable a reader to replicate the work. Materials or methods described elsewhere in the literature can be referenced without repeating these details. Identify teeth using the full name of the tooth or the FDI annotation. If human subjects or animals were involved in the work, this section must contain a statement that the rights of the human or animal subjects were protected and approval was obtained from an identified institutional review board, or its equivalent.

      RESULTS - This section should describe the objective findings without any comment on their significance or relative importance. Cite all tables and figures in sequential order in the text.

      DISCUSSION - Only this section allows you freedom to interpret your data and to give your opinion of the value of your findings relative to previous work. All opinions must be limited to this section.

      CONCLUSION - This section states what conclusions can be drawn specifically from the research reported. Bullet points are preferred. Do not repeat material from other sections.

      REFERENCES - References cited must refer to published material. Number references consecutively in order of their appearance in the manuscript using superscript and Arabic numerals. References to "personal communication" or unpublished theses are not acceptable. The style and punctuation of references should strictly conform to American Medical Association Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors, 9th ed (Baltimore, Md: Williams & Wilkins; 1998). Consult previous issues of The Angle Orthodontist for guidance (Available at ).

      FIGURE LEGENDS - All figures must be numbered sequentially in the manuscript and a legend for each figure must appear in this section.


    Each table must be in WORD or EXCEL format and entered as a separate file. Each table must have its own legend accompanying it, numbered with Arabic numerals and sequentially referred to in the text. All abbreviations used in the table must be defined in a footnote. Use * P=.05; ** P=.01; *** P=.001; ****P=.0001 as needed. Tables cannot be in pictorial or image formats. Pictorial or image formats are figures and must be entered as figures.


    Each figure must be of sufficient resolution for high quality publication usually in TIFF or EPS format. All images need to be at 300 DPI when the figure is of the size to be used in publication.

    If you enter a large image at 300 DPI and reduce it to a much smaller size for publication, this will increase the DPI and the image will be very heavy and slow to open electronically. If you enter a small image (such as a 35 mm picture) and plan to enlarge it for publication, it needs to be entered at more than 300 DPI since enlargement will only reduce the resolution.

    Figures in WORD or presentation software such as PowerPoint, Corel Draw or Harvard Graphics do not contain sufficient resolution for publication and will not be accepted. Authors will be charged for publication of figures in color.


    If this research was funded or supported by a commercial firm or other outside entities, please provide their name and location. If an author(s) receives funding or support from a commercial firm or other outside entity related to this research, it also should be revealed here.

Manuscript Review

After you have entered your manuscript, you will receive automated responses from the system as the manuscript is processed. You may also follow the progress of your manuscript via the web site and your own password you created when you first entered the system.

Your manuscript will be peer reviewed and the reviewers' comments will be sent to you. Please allow adequate time for this process. Our automated system is instantaneous, but the reviewers are busy people who donate their expertise and time.

A manuscript returned to an author with suggested revisions must be returned within 3 months. Revised manuscripts returned after this time will be considered new submissions.

After the revisions are complete, the editor will submit the manuscript to the printer and an electronic copy of your galley proof will be sent to you for corrections and final approval. Expect the figures in the galley proof to be of low resolution for ease of transmission. The final publication will contain your high quality figures.


The Angle Orthodontist does not provide a publisher's reprint service. All articles remain the copyrighted property of the E.H. Angle Education and Research Foundation. For non-commercial educational purposes, authors may print an unlimited number of copies of a paper and reproduce any text, figures, or tables for re-publication as long as they cite the source as The Angle Orthodontist. For commercial use, authors should contact the Copyright Clearance Center ( to pay the appropriate fee to reprint copies or use any part of the text, figures, or tables from any published material.

General Information

The E. H. Angle Education and Research Foundation invites manuscripts concerning the dental and craniofacial complex. Original research, clinical observations and review articles as well as guest editorials, letters to the editor and case reports are welcome.

The Angle Orthodontist is supported by the EH Angle Education and Research Foundation and does not charge processing or submission fees.

Articles are peer reviewed through a double-blind process and are subject to editorial revision. Statements and opinions expressed in articles are not necessarily those of the editor or publisher. The editor and the publisher disclaim any responsibility or liability for such material.

The Angle Orthodontist is now ONLINE for all manuscript submissions and review. Please go to the Internet: and follow the easy instructions for manuscript submission. If you have questions regarding the submission of your manuscript, please e-mail those questions to <>.

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