We examine how managers orchestrate their eco-control package in reaction to different perceived environmental stakeholder pressures. Using survey data from Canadian manufacturing firms, our results show that environmental pressures perceived from societal stakeholders have a greater influence on the integration of environmental objectives into strategic planning than pressures perceived from business stakeholders. This suggests that business stakeholders act as a force that mostly maintains the scope of strategic environmental orientations, while societal stakeholders act as a force that mostly expands the scope of strategic orientations by stimulating further consideration of environmental issues as strategic objectives. The integration of environmental objectives in strategic planning stimulates a domino effect within the eco-control package, where the adaptation of strategic objectives leads to greater mobilization of other eco-controls. This domino effect represents successive effects among components of the eco-control package, revealing how stakeholder pressures play a role in stimulating multi-layered changes in eco-control mobilization.

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