Zika virus (ZIKV) infection, primarily transmitted by mosquitoes, causes various neurologic disorders. To differentiate ZIKV from other arboviruses, such as dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever viruses, a highly specific, sensitive, and automated detection system is needed for point-of-care (POC) settings.
To detect ZIKV at POC settings, we have developed a fully automated lab-on-a-chip microfluidic platform for rapid disease detection by using reverse transcription loop–mediated isothermal amplification.
The developed setup consists of a microfluidic chip, a platform for magnetic actuation, and a heater along with the sensor to precisely control the temperature for the target amplification. The platform accurately controls the movement of the magnetic beads that enable the isolation and purification of the target nucleotides adhered to their surface for the amplification and disease detection on the microfluidic chip.
Within 40 minutes, change in color due to the presence of ZIKV amplicons was visually observed with the spiked plasma samples in the end point analysis. Also, we have accurately and specifically identified ZIKV in a small number of de-identified clinical samples.
All-inclusive, the developed fully automated POC ZIKV diagnostic chip is rapid, simple, easy-to-use, inexpensive, and suitable for the areas where facilities are limited.
We acknowledge research support from National Institutes of Health (NIH) R15AI127214, NIH R56AI138659, and the Florida Department of Health ZIKA grant 7ZK10, and support from the College of Engineering and Computer Science, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton. The authors have no relevant financial interest in the products or companies described in this article.