Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) is a relatively new concept for patients with renal monoclonal protein deposition (RMPD) (except monoclonal cast nephropathy) and has been used as a reason for nephrologists to obtain a bone marrow biopsy (BMB). It takes a team of pathologists and clinicians to determine when RMPD at our institution can be defined as MGRS.
To identify the proportion of various subtypes of tentative MGRS diagnosed by renal biopsy that can be confirmed as final MGRS after BMB.
One hundred thirty kidney biopsies with variants of RMPD were identified during the past 10 years. Biopsy cases with known myeloma, B-cell lymphoma, or monoclonal cast nephropathy were separated as a heavy-burden group. The remaining biopsies with RMPD were considered tentative MGRS. Their BMB and clinical indices were further analyzed to determine the final percentage of MGRS diagnoses.
Among the 130 renal paraprotein deposition cases, 44 (33.8%) were categorized as the heavy-burden group. In the remaining 86 cases, 33 (38.4%) with subsequent identification of myeloma (>10% of monoclonal plasma cells) or lymphoma in BMB were further considered as heavy-burden cases. Eighteen cases (18 of 86; 20.9%) did not receive follow-up BMB; thus, no further analysis was performed. BMBs diagnosed as either nonmalignant (no plasma cells; 8 of 86 cases; 9.3%) or premalignant (<10% plasma cells; 27 of 86 cases; 31.4%) were confirmed to be final MGRS (35 of 86; 40.7%).
The data indicate that BMB is an important element in the confirmation of MGRS.
The authors have no relevant financial interest in the products or companies described in this article.