The external morphology and osteology of the Land Mullet Egernia major is described based on ail available material in Australian museum collections and extant type material. The complex nomenclatural history of this species is discussed. Multivariate analysis of variation in external morphology does not identify any segment of the geographic distribution as distinct, although there is some clinal variation. Available data do not provide evidence for a close relationship with any other Egernia species and the previously identified “Egernia major” species group is concluded to have no morphological support. Litter sizes of 3-7 are recorded and reproduction is vernal. The species is omnivorous, with a high frequency of fungi and nocturnal invertebrates in the stomach contents.

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