Vehicle collision resulting in animal mortality is a common daily occurrence, although few studies have considered the impact on herpetofauna in urban areas. Over a 7 year period (2003 - 2010), 1.4 km of suburban streets of Falconbridge that interface with the Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area, west of Sydney, was surveyed on foot two to four days a week, typically soon after dawn. Over the period a total of 86 reptiles that represented 20 species: 38% of the lizard and 56% of snake species known from the area were collected as road kills due to collision with vehicles. This equated to approximately one individual per month that was collected across the 7 years. Representatives of six frog species were also identified as road kills (33% of the local frog fauna). In Faulconbridge,20-30 km of 50 km/hr roadways interface with the national park and there are 26 towns within the World Heritage Area. Each of these towns has a network of streets that covers much more than just the perimeter of the town, and there are two major highways that bisect the World Heritage Area. Although an average death rate of one reptile per month may be considered negligible, the cumulative loss of reptiles due to vehicle collision in the region is an ecological disaster.

Abu-Zidan, F.M., Parmar, K.A. and Ross, S. 2002. Kangaroorelated motor vehicle collisions. Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care 53: 360-363.
Kangaroorelated motor vehicle collisions
Journal of Trauma-Injury Infection and Critical Care
, vol. 
53
 (pg. 
360
-
363
)
Anderson, L. and Burgin, S. 2008. Patterns of bird predation on reptiles in small woodland remnant edges in peri-urban northwestern Sydney, Australia. Landscape Ecology 23(9): 1039-1047.
Patterns of bird predation on reptiles in small woodland remnant edges in peri-urban northwestern Sydney, Australia
Landscape Ecology
, vol. 
23
 (pg. 
1039
-
1047
)
Anon. undated. Faulconbridge, Australia page. http://www.fallingrain.com/world/AS/02/Faulconbridge.html
ANZECC. 1998. National Koala Conservation Strategy. Environment Australia, Canberra.
Ashley, E.P. and Robinson, J.T. 1996. Road mortality of amphibians, reptiles and other wildlife on the Long Point Causeway, Lake Erie. Canadian Field Naturalist 110:403-412.
Road mortality of amphibians, reptiles and other wildlife on the Long Point Causeway, Lake Erie
Canadian Field Naturalist
, vol. 
110
 (pg. 
403
-
412
)
Baker, P.J., Harris, S., Robertson, C.P.J., Saunders, G. and White, P.C.L. 2004. Is it possible to monitor mammal population changes from counts of road traffic causalities? An analysis using Bristol's red foxes Vulpes vulpes as an example. Mammal Review 34: 1-16.
Is it possible to monitor mammal population changes from counts of road traffic causalities
An analysis using Bristol's red foxes Vulpes vulpes as an example. Mammal Review
, vol. 
34
 (pg. 
1
-
16
)
Beckers, 2008. Good from bad: is there an up side to roadkills? Pp. 103-104 in Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters edited by Lunney, D., Munn, A., and Meikle, W. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman.
Benson D. 1992. Natural vegetation of the Penrith 1: 100 000 map sheet. Cunninghamia 2: 541-596.
Natural vegetation of the Penrith 1: 100 000 map sheet
Cunninghamia
, vol. 
2
 (pg. 
541
-
596
)
BMCC. 2002. State of the Environment Report 2001/2002. Blue Mountains City Council, Katoomba.
Burgin, S. and Brainwood, M. 2008. Comparison of road kills in peri-urban and regional areas of New South Wales (Australia) and factors influencing deaths. Pp. 137-144 in Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters edited by Lunney, D., Munn, A., and Meikle, W. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman.
Comparison of road kills in peri-urban and regional areas of New South Wales (Australia) and factors influencing deaths
Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters
(pg. 
137
-
144
)
Clevenger, A.P., Chruszcz, B. and Gunson, K.E. 2003. Spatial patterns and factors influencing small vertebrate fauna road-kill aggregations. Biological Conservation 109: 15-26.
Spatial patterns and factors influencing small vertebrate fauna road-kill aggregations
Biological Conservation
, vol. 
109
 (pg. 
15
-
26
)
Cogger, H. G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia. 6th Edition. Reed New Holland, Syndey.
Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia
Commonwealth Government. 1998. The Greater Blue Mountains Area: World Heritage Nomination. Prepared by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service and Environment Australia. Australian Commonwealth Government, Canberra.
Commonwealth Government. 2009. Greater Blue Mountains, available on http://www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/world/blue-mountains/index.html
Coulson, G. 1989. The effect of drought on road mortality of macropods. Australian Wildlife Research 16: 79-83.
The effect of drought on road mortality of macropods
Australian Wildlife Research
, vol. 
16
 (pg. 
79
-
83
)
Dragovich, D. and Morris, R. 2002. Fire intensity, slopewash and bio-transfer of sediment in Eucalypt forest, Australia. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 27, 1309-1319.
Fire intensity, slopewash and bio-transfer of sediment in Eucalypt forest, Australia
Earth Surface Processes and Landforms
, vol. 
27
 (pg. 
1309
-
1319
)
Fahrig, L. and Rytwinski, T. 2009. Effects of roads on animal abundance: an empirical review and synthesis. Ecology and Society 14: 21. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol14/iss1/art21/
Glista, D.J., DeVault, T.L, and DeWoody, J.A., 2007. Vertebrate road mortality predominatly impacts amphibians. Herpetological Conservation and Biology 3: 77-87.
Vertebrate road mortality predominatly impacts amphibians
Herpetological Conservation and Biology
, vol. 
3
 (pg. 
77
-
87
)
Greer, A. 1989. The Biology and Evolution of Australian Lizards. Surrey Beatty and Sons Pty Ltd, Chipping Norton.
The Biology and Evolution of Australian Lizards
Harlow, P.S. and Taylor, J.E. 2001. Reproductive ecology of the jacky dragon (Amphibolurus muricatus): an agamid lizard with temperaturedependent sex determination. Austral Ecology 25: 640-652.
Reproductive ecology of the jacky dragon (Amphibolurus muricatus): an agamid lizard with temperaturedependent sex determination
Austral Ecology
, vol. 
25
 (pg. 
640
-
652
)
Harris, C., Marlow, J. and Harris, A. 2008. No prescription yet to counter the roadkill of our native fauna: a study of roadkill in the Narrabeen Catchment of Sydney. Pp. 96-102 in Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters edited by Lunney, D., Munn, A., and Meikle, W. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman.
No prescription yet to counter the roadkill of our native fauna: a study of roadkill in the Narrabeen Catchment of Sydney
Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters
(pg. 
96
-
102
)
Hitchen, D., Burgin, S. and Wotherspoon, D. 2011. Notes on the population structure of the jacky dragon Amphibolurus muricatus in a small urban remnant. Pacific Conservation Biology 16: 237-243.
Notes on the population structure of the jacky dragon Amphibolurus muricatus in a small urban remnant
Pacific Conservation Biology
, vol. 
16
 (pg. 
237
-
243
)
Jamieson, R. 2001. Canyons Near Sydney. 4th Edition. Rick Jamieson, Kurrajong Heights.
Canyons Near Sydney
Jones, M.E. 2000. Road upgrade, road mortality and remedial measures: impacts on a population of eastern quolls and Tasmanian devils. Wildlife Research 27: 289-296.
Road upgrade, road mortality and remedial measures: impacts on a population of eastern quolls and Tasmanian devils
Wildlife Research
, vol. 
27
 (pg. 
289
-
296
)
Klocker, U., Croft, D.B. and Ramp, D. 2006. Frequency and causes of kangaroo-vehicle collisions on an Australian outback highway. Wildlife Research 33 : 5-15.
Frequency and causes of kangaroo-vehicle collisions on an Australian outback highway
Wildlife Research
, vol. 
33
 (pg. 
5
-
15
)
Lane, A. and Burgin, S. 2008. Comparison of frog assemblage structure between urban and non-urban habitats in the upper Blue Mountains (Australia). Freshwater Biology 53: 2484-2493
Comparison of frog assemblage structure between urban and non-urban habitats in the upper Blue Mountains (Australia)
Freshwater Biology
, vol. 
53
 (pg. 
2484
-
2493
)
Langen, T.A., Ogden, K.M. and Schwarting, L.L., 2009. Predicting hot sports of herpetofauna road mortality along highway networks. The Journal of Wildlife Management 73: 104-114.
Predicting hot sports of herpetofauna road mortality along highway networks
The Journal of Wildlife Management
, vol. 
73
 (pg. 
104
-
114
)
Lee, T. and Croft, D.B. 2008. The effects of an arid-zone road on vertebrates: what are the priorities for management? Pp. 105- 117 in Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters edited by Lunney, D., Munn, A., and Meikle, W. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman.
The effects of an arid-zone road on vertebrates: what are the priorities for management?
Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters
(pg. 
105
-
117
)
Lee, E., Klocker, U., Croft, D.B. and Ramp, D. 2004. Kangaroo-vehicle collisions in Australia's sheep rangelands, during and following drought periods. Australian Journal of Mammalogy 26: 215-226.
Kangaroo-vehicle collisions in Australia's sheep rangelands, during and following drought periods
Australian Journal of Mammalogy
, vol. 
26
 (pg. 
215
-
226
)
Loos, G. and Kerlinger, P., 1993. Road mortality of saw-whet adn screech-owls on the Cape May Peninsula. Journal of Raptor Research 27: 210-213.
Road mortality of saw-whet adn screech-owls on the Cape May Peninsula
Journal of Raptor Research
, vol. 
27
 (pg. 
210
-
213
)
Lunney, D., O'Neill, L., Matthews, A. and Sherwin, W. B. 2002. Modelling mammalian extinction and forecasting recovery: koalas at Iluka (NSW, Australia). Biological Conservation 106: 101-113.
Modelling mammalian extinction and forecasting recovery: koalas at Iluka (NSW, Australia)
Biological Conservation
, vol. 
106
 (pg. 
101
-
113
)
Mosely, G. 1999. Battle for the Bush: The Blue Mountains, the Australian Alps and the Origins of the Wilderness Movement., Colong Foundation/Envirobook. The Colong Foundation for Wilderness, Sydney.
Battle for the Bush: The Blue Mountains, the Australian Alps and the Origins of the Wilderness Movement
Ng., W.J., Nielsen, C. and St Clair, C.C. 2008. Landscape and traffic factors influencing deer-vehicle collisions in an urban environment. Human-Wildlife Conflicts 2: 34-37.
Landscape and traffic factors influencing deer-vehicle collisions in an urban environment
Human-Wildlife Conflicts
, vol. 
2
 (pg. 
34
-
37
)
NPWS. 2001. Blue Mountains National Park Plan of Management. National Parks and Wildlife Service, Blue Mountains Heritage Centre, Blackheath, NSW.
Ramp, D. and Ben-Ami, D. 2006. The effect of roadbased fatalities on the viability of a peri-urban swamp wallaby population. Journal of Wildlife Management 70: 1615-1624.
The effect of roadbased fatalities on the viability of a peri-urban swamp wallaby population
Journal of Wildlife Management
, vol. 
70
 (pg. 
1615
-
1624
)
Ramp, D., Caldwell, J., Edwards, K.A., Warton, D. and Croft, D.B. 2005. Modelling of wildlife fatality hotspots along the Snowy Mountain Highway in New South Wales, Australia. Biological Conservation 126: 474-490.
Modelling of wildlife fatality hotspots along the Snowy Mountain Highway in New South Wales, Australia
Biological Conservation
, vol. 
126
 (pg. 
474
-
490
)
Ramp, D. and Roger, E. 2008. Frequency of animal-vehicle collisions in NSW. Pp. 118-126 in Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters edited by Lunney, D., Munn, A., and Meikle, W. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Mosman.
Frequency of animal-vehicle collisions in NSW
Too Close for Comfort: Contentious Issues in Human-Wildlife Encounters
(pg. 
118
-
126
)
Seibert, H.C. and Conover, J.H. 1991. Mortality of vertebrates and invertebrates on an Athens Country, Ohio, highway. Ohio Journal of Science 91: 163-166.
Mortality of vertebrates and invertebrates on an Athens Country, Ohio, highway
Ohio Journal of Science
, vol. 
91
 (pg. 
163
-
166
)
Smith, L.L. and Dodd, C.K., 2003. Wildlife mortality on U.S. Highway 441 across Paynes Prairie, Alachua County, Florida. Florida Scientist 66: 228-140.
Wildlife mortality on U.S. Highway 441 across Paynes Prairie
Florida Scientist
, vol. 
66
 (pg. 
228
-
140
)
Strahan, R., Ehmann, H., Tyler, M. J., Lindsey, T. and Strahan, R., 1992. Encyclopaedia of Australian Animals. Angus and Robertson, Pymble.
Encyclopaedia of Australian Animals
Swan, G. 1990. A field Guide to the Snakes and Lizards of New South Wales. Three Sisters Productions, Winmalee.
A field Guide to the Snakes and Lizards of New South Wales
Swan, G., Shea, G. and Sadlier, R. 2004. A field Guide to Reptiles of New South Wales. 2nd edition. Reed New Holland, Frenchs Forest.
A field Guide to Reptiles of New South Wales
Szerlag, S. and McRobert, S. 2006. Road ecology of the northern diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin terrapin. Pp. 634-637 in 2005 International Conference on Ecology and Transportation edited by Irwin, C. L., Garrett, P. and McDermott, K. P. North Carolina State University, Raleigh.
Road ecology of the northern diamondback terrapin, Malaclemys terrapin terrapin
2005 International Conference on Ecology and Transportation
(pg. 
634
-
637
)
Taylor, B.D. and Goldingay, R.L. 2004. Wildlife road-kills on three major roads in north-eastern New South Wales. Wildlife Research 31: 83-91.
Wildlife road-kills on three major roads in north-eastern New South Wales
Wildlife Research
, vol. 
31
 (pg. 
83
-
91
)
TRA, 2010. National Visitor Survey. Tourism Research Australia, Canberra.
Tunner, D. and Perry, J. 2007. Road effects on abundance and fitness of Galápagos lava lizards (Microlophus albemariensis). Journal of Environmental Management 85: 270-278.
Road effects on abundance and fitness of Galápagos lava lizards (Microlophus albemariensis)
Journal of Environmental Management
, vol. 
85
 (pg. 
270
-
278
)
UNESCO. 2009. Greater Blue Mountains Area. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation, Gland. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/917/
Wotherspoon, A. D. 2008. Ecology and management of Eastern Bearded Dragon Pogona barbata. Penrith: University of Western Sydney.
Ecology and management of Eastern Bearded Dragon Pogona barbata
This content is only available as a PDF.