The persistence of Australia's forest herpetofauna communities depends on the availability of spatially heterogeneous microhabitats. The composition of these communities is directly related to the availability of complex structures such as coarse woody debris, an integral attribute of forest ecosystems that provides structurally diverse habitat for biota. This study aimed to determine whether the distribution of herpetofauna within an Australian subtropical rainforest remnant is significantly influenced by the presence or absence of coarse woody debris. Capture and release of herpetofauna at 30 sample sites (15 with coarse woody debris present within a 20 m proximity and 15 with coarse woody debris absent within a 20 m proximity) using double-ended funnel traps determined that reptile capture frequencies were significantly higher at sites with coarse woody debris, due mainly to large captures of Eulamprus murrayi. Amphibian capture frequencies did not differ between the two site types, but was found to differ with rainfall events. Findings from this study suggest that management practices reducing coarse woody debris availability should be avoided.

Aubry, K. B. 2000. Amphibians in managed, second-growth Douglas-fir forests. .Journal of Wildlife Management.64: 1041-1052. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3803215
Aubry, K. B., Jones, L. L. C. and Hall, P. A. 1988. .Use of woody debris by plethodontid salamanders in Douglas-fir forests in Washington.. Pp. 32-37 in Management of amphibians, reptiles and small mammals in North America. Edited by R. Szaro, K. Severson, and D. Patton. US Forest Service, Arizona.
Management of amphibians, reptiles and small mammals in North America
(pg. 
32
-
37
)
Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM). 2011. Available at: www.bom.gov.au [Accessed March 10, 2011]. www.bom.gov.au
Bate, L. J., Torgersen, T. R., Wisdom, M. J., Garton, E. O. 2004. Performance of sampling methods to estimate log characteristics for wildlife. .Forest Ecology and Management 199.: 83-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2004.04.021
Bowman, J., Forbes, G. and Dilworth, T. 2001. Landscape context and small-mammal abundance in a managed forest. .Forest Ecology and Management.140: 249-255. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00315-7
Brown, G. W. 2001. The influence of habitat disturbance on reptiles in a Box-Ironbark eucalypt forest of south-eastern Australia. .Biodiversity and Conservation. 10: 161-176.
The influence of habitat disturbance on reptiles in a Box-Ironbark eucalypt forest of south-eastern Australia
Biodiversity and Conservation
, vol. 
10
 (pg. 
161
-
176
)
Brown, G. W., and Shine, R. 2002. Influence of weather conditions on activity of tropical snakes. .Austral Ecology.27: 596- 605. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1442-9993.2002.01218.x
Browning, B. J., Jordan, G. J., Dalton, P. J., Grove, S. J., Wardlaw, T. J., Turner, P. A. M. 2010. Succession of mosses, liverworts and ferns on coarse woody debris, in relation to forest age and log decay in Tasmanian wet eucalypt forest. .Forest Ecology Management.260: 1896-1905. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2010.08.038
Bull, E. L. 2002. .The value of coarse woody debris to vertebrates in the Pacific Northwest.. Pp. 171-178 in Proceedings of the symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests. USDA Forest Service, Arizona.
Proceedings of the symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests
(pg. 
171
-
178
)
Burnett, S., and Bright, T. 2009. A fauna inventory of the Mary Cairncross Scenic Reserve, Maleny. Report to the Mary Cairncross Reserve Steering Committee, Maleny.
Butts, S. R., and McComb, W. C. 2000. Associations of Forest- Floor Vertebrates with Coarse Woody Debris in Managed Forests of Western Oregon. .Journal of Wildlife Management.64: 95-104. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3802978
Castro, A., and Wise, D. H. 2010. Influence of fallen coarse woody debris on the diversity and community structure of forest-floor spiders (Arachnida: Araneae). .Forest Ecology and Management.260: 2088-2101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2010.08.051
Chambers, C. L. 2002. .Forest management and the dead wood resource in ponderosa pine forests: effects on small mammals.. Pp. 679-693 in Proceedings of the symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests. USDA Forest Services, Arizona.
Proceedings of the symposium on the Ecology and Management of Dead Wood in Western Forests
(pg. 
679
-
693
)
Crosswhite, D. L., Fox, S. F. and Thill, R. E. 1999. .Comparison of methods for monitoring reptiles and amphibians in upland forests of the Ouachita Mountains.. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 79: 45-50.
Crosswhite, D. L., Fox, S. F., Thill, R. E. 2004. .Herpetological habitat relations in the Ouachita Mountains, Arkansas.. Pp. 273-282 in Ouachita and Ozark Mountains Symposium: Ecosystem Management Research, edited by J. M Guldin. General Technical Report No. SRS-74. Southern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Asheville, NC.
Daltry, J. C., Ross, T., Thorpe, R. S. and Wuster, W. 1998. Evidence that humidity influences snake activity patterns: a field study of the Malayan pit viper Calloselasma rhodostoma. .Ecography.21: 25-34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0587.1998.tb00391.x
Davis, J. C., Castleberry, S. B., and Kilgo, J. C. 2010. Influence of coarse woody debris on herpetofaunal communities in upland pine stands of the southeastern Coastal Plain. .Forest Ecology and Management.259: 1111-1117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2009.12.024
Densmore, N., Parminter, J., and Stevens, V. 2004. Coarse woody debris: inventory, decay modelling, and management implications in three biogeoclimatic zones. .BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management. 5: 14-29.
Coarse woody debris: inventory, decay modelling, and management implications in three biogeoclimatic zones
BC Journal of Ecosystems and Management
, vol. 
5
 (pg. 
14
-
29
)
Faith, D. P., Humphrey, C. L., and Dostine, P. L. 1991. Statistical power and BACI designs in biological monitoring: comparative evaluation of measures of community ssimilarity based on benthic macroinvertebrate communities in Rockhole Mine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia. .Marine Freshwater Research. 42: 589-602.
Statistical power and BACI designs in biological monitoring: comparative evaluation of measures of community ssimilarity based on benthic macroinvertebrate communities in Rockhole Mine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia
Marine Freshwater Research
, vol. 
42
 (pg. 
589
-
602
)
Franklin, J. F. Lindenmayer, D., MacMahon, J. A., McKee, A., Magnuson, J., Perry, D. A., Waide, R., Foster, D. 2000. Threads of continuity. .Conservation in Practice.1: 8-17. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4629.2000.tb00155.x
Gates, G. M., Mohammed, C., Wardlaw, T., Ratkowsky, D. A., Davidson, N. J. 2011. The ecology and diversity of wood-inhabiting macrofungi in a native Eucalyptus obliqua forest of southern Tasmania, Australia. .Fungal Ecology.4: 56-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.funeco.2010.07.005
Goodburn, J. M. and Lorimer, C. G. 1998. Cavity trees and coarse woody debris in old-growth and managed northern hardwood forests in Wisconsin and Michigan. .Canadian Journal of Forest Research.28: 427-438. http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-28-3-427
Greenberg, C. H. 2001. Response of reptile and amphibian communities to canopy gaps created by wind disturbance in the southern Appalachians. .Forest Economy and Management.148: 135-144. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00486-2
Greenberg, C. H., Neary, D. G. and Harris, L. D. 1994. A Comparison of Herpetofaunal Sampling Effectiveness of Pitfall, Single-Ended, and Double-Ended Funnel Traps Used with Drift Fences.Journal of Herpetology 28: 319-324. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1564530
Harmon, M. E., Franklin, J. F., Swanson, F. J., Sollins, P., Gregory, S. V., Lattin, J. D., Anderson, N. H., Cline, S. P., Aumen, N. G., Sedell, J. R., Lienkaemper, G. W., Cromack Jr., K., Cummins, K. W. 1986. Ecology of coarse woody debris in temperate ecosystems. .Advanced Ecological Research.15: 133- 302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2504(08)60121-X
Huston, M. A. 1996. .Models and management implications of coarse woody debris impacts on biodiversity.. Pp. 139-143 in Workshop on coarse woody debris in southern forests: effects on biodiversity, edited by J. W. McMinn, and D. A. Crossley. USDA Forest Service, Athens.
Workshop on coarse woody debris in southern forests: effects on biodiversity
(pg. 
139
-
143
)
Kanowski, J. J., Reis, T. M., Catterall, C. P., Piper, S. D. 2006. Factors affecting the use of reforested sites by reptiles in cleared rainforest landscapes in tropical and subtropical Australia. .Restoration Ecology.14: 67-76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1526- 100X.2006.00106.x
Köppen Classification: Australian Bureau of Meteorology (BOM). 2011. Available at: www.bom.gov.au/climate/environ/other/kpn_group.shtml [Accessed May 10, 2012] www.bom.gov.au/climate/environ/other/kpn_group.shtml
Lindenmayer, D. B. 2009. Forest wildlife management and conservation. .Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.1162: 284-310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04148.x
Lindenmayer, D. B., Franklin, J. F., and Fischer, J. 2006. General management principles and a checklist of strategies to guide forest biodiversity conservation. .Biological Conservation.131: 433-445. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2006.02.019
Lindenmayer, D. B., and Noss, R. F. 2006. Salvage logging, ecosystem processes, and biodiversity conservation. .Conservation Biology.20: 949-958. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00497.x
Mac Nally, R., and Horrocks, G. 2007. Inducing whole-assemblage change by experimental manipulation of habitat structure. .Journal of Animal Ecology.76: 643-650. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2656.2007.01247.x
Mac Nally, R., Parkinson, A., Horrocks, G., Conole, L., Tzaros, C. 2001. Relationships between terrestrial vertebrate diversity, abundance and availability of coarse woody debris on south-eastern Australian floodplains. .Biological Conservation.99: 191-205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(00)00180-4
McCay, T. S., Forschler, B. T., Komoroski, M. J., Ford, W. M. 2002a. .Responses of Mammalian Insectivores, Amphibians, and Reptiles to Broad-Scale Manipulation of Coarse Woody Debris.. pp. 1-54 in Proceedings of the USDA. Southern Research Station, New Ellenton, SC.
Proceedings of the USDA
(pg. 
1
-
54
)
McCay, T. S., Hanula, J. L., Loeb, S. C., Lohr, S. M., McMinn, J. W., Wright-Miley, B. D. 2002b. .The role of coarse woody debris in southeastern pine forests: preliminary results from a large-scale experiment.. Pp. 135-144 in Proceedings of the USDA. Southern Research Station, New Ellenton, SC.
Proceedings of the USDA
(pg. 
135
-
144
)
Owens, A. K., Moseley, K. R., McCay, T. S., Castleberry, S. B., Kilgo, J. C., Ford, W. M. 2008. Amphibian and reptile community response to coarse woody debris manipulations in upland loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) forests. .Forest Ecology and Management.256: 2078-2083. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2008.07.030
Patrick, D. A., Hunter Jr, M. L., and Calhoun, A. J. K. 2006. Effects of experimental forestry treatments on a Maine amphibian community. .Forest Ecology and Management.234: 323-332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2006.07.015
Raphael, M. G. and White, M. 1984. Use of Snags by Cavity- Nesting Birds in the Sierra Nevada. .Wildlife Monographs. 86: 3-66.
Use of Snags by Cavity- Nesting Birds in the Sierra Nevada
Wildlife Monographs
, vol. 
86
 (pg. 
3
-
66
)
Riffell, S., Verschuyl, J., Miller, D., Wigley, T. B. 2011. Biofuel harvests, coarse woody debris, and biodiversity-A meta-analysis. .Forest Ecology and Management.261: 878-887. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2010.12.021
Ross, B., Fredericksen, T., Ross, E., Hoffman, W., Morrison, M. L., Beyea, J., Lester, M. B., Johnson, B.N., Fredericksen, N. J. 2000. Relative abundance and species richness of herpetofauna in forest stands in Pennsylvania. .Forest Science. 46: 139-146.
Relative abundance and species richness of herpetofauna in forest stands in Pennsylvania
Forest Science
, vol. 
46
 (pg. 
139
-
146
)
Sarre, S. D. 1998. Demographics and population persistence of Gehyra variegata (Gekkonidae) following habitat fragmentation. .Journal of Herpetology.32: 153-162. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1565291
Siitonen, J. 2001. Forest management, coarse woody debris and saproxylic organisms: Fennoscandian boreal forests as an example. .Ecological Bulletins. 49: 11-41.
Forest management, coarse woody debris and saproxylic organisms: Fennoscandian boreal forests as an example
Ecological Bulletins
, vol. 
49
 (pg. 
11
-
41
)
Smyrell, G. 2007. .Mary Cairncross: a flora checklist for Mary Cairncross Scenic Reserve, Mountain View Road Maleny of the Blackall Range Region.. Wide Bay, south east Queensland.
Stevens, V. 1997. .The ecological role of coarse woody debris, an overview of the ecological importance of CWD in BC forests.. Working Paper 30, British Columbia, Ministry of Forest Research Program.
Todd, B. D., and Andrews, K. M. 2008. Response of a Reptile Guild to Forest Harvesting. .Conservation Biology.22: 753-761. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.00916.x
Watling, J. I. 2005. Edaphically-biased distributions of amphibians and reptiles in a lowland tropical rainforest. .Studies on the neotropical fauna and environment.40: 15-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01650520400007348
Webb, J.K. and Shine, R. 1998. Using thermal ecology to predict retreat-site selection by an endangered snake species. .Biological Conservation. 86: 233-242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3207(97)00180-8
Whiles, M. R., and Grubaugh, J. W. 1996. .Importance of coarse woody debris to southern forest herpetofauna.. Pp. 94-100 in Biodiversity and coarse woody debris in southern forests, edited by J. W. McMinn, D. A. Crossley Jr. USDA Forest Service, Arizona.
Biodiversity and coarse woody debris in southern forests
(pg. 
94
-
100
)
Wilson, S. 2009. .A Field Guide to Reptiles of Queensland.. New Holland Publishers, Sydney.
A Field Guide to Reptiles of Queensland
Woldendorp, G., and Keenan, R. J. 2005. Coarse woody debris in Australian forest ecosystems, A review. .Austral Ecology.30: 834-843. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j1442-9993.2005.01526.x
Woldendorp, G., Keenan, R. J. and Ryan, M. F. 2002. .Coarse woody debris in Australian forest ecosystems. A Report for the National Greenhouse Strategy, Module 6.6.. Bureau of Rural Sciences, Canberra.
Coarse woody debris in Australian forest ecosystems. A Report for the National Greenhouse Strategy, Module 6.6
This content is only available as a PDF.