The relationship between passive immunity and the development of false layer syndrome (FLS) and its associated lesions was investigated in this study by comparing the long-term reproductive effects of an infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) DMV/1639 wild-type strain and the GA08 vaccine in birds with and without maternal antibodies. There was a clear protective effect provided by maternal antibodies against both the early vaccination and challenge. It was also observed that vaccination at an early age, in the absence of maternal antibodies, can induce reproductive issues, such as reduced egg production and FLS-associated lesions (e.g., cystic oviduct and egg yolk coelomitis). This might indicate that maternal antibodies and the timing of IBV infection are more important in the generation of FLS than the IBV strain type.

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