This case report describes the clinical, parasitologic, pathologic, and histologic characteristics of a golden pheasant (Chrysolopus pictus) with an infection of Heterakis isolonche in Mississippi. An approximately 2-yr-old golden pheasant from a flock of 8 to 10 birds was submitted to the Poultry Research and Diagnostic Laboratory in Pearl, MS, for necropsy. Clinical history indicated that three flock mates had died of unknown causes in the past. At necropsy, the submitted pheasant showed severe nodular typhlitis associated with the presence of numerous whitish small nematodes inside the cecal walls and lumen with morphologic features consistent with H. isolonche. The histologic examination showed multifocal to coalescing, nodular, granulomatous, and lymphocytic typhlitis with fibroplasia, and multiple intralesional nematodes. Furthermore, the presence of similar nematodes in the lung indicated a possible aberrant migration of Heterakis sp. to this organ. The flock was subsequently treated with an oxfendazole-containing dewormer and suffered no further losses.

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