The objective of this study is to investigate the factors that enabled the city of Omdurman to grow and become an important socio-cultural, political and innovative urban center that contributed positively to Sudanese national unity and nation-building from 1900 to the late 1980s. Studies of how cities have been agents of change and cultural diffusion are rare and the importance of this study is that it bridges this gap. The growth and influence of cities on their hinterland is based on one or more functions, administrative, political, religious, or inter alia in trade and commerce. Omdurman has played these multi-functional roles. While the population of Omdurman is composed of different ethnic groups which represent a real challenge for social integrity, they were able to attain a social homogeneity and become an innovative socio-cultural society that played a significant role in enhancing Sudanese national unity and nation-building. The peaceful environment and homogeneity of the society of the city have contributed significantly to the innovation and advancement of cultural traits, art, education, politics, media and sport that have made Omdurman a unique Sudanese city. Omdurman continued to play this role until the end of the 1980s, and now for environmental, political and economic reasons has lost most of its inherited characteristics.

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