Urban environments are made up of several interconnected components to form a content and a container capable of contributing to the functioning of the city. It has been observed that these components can be different but coexist willy-nilly to the detriment of the urban living environment and the functional balance of the city. Nevertheless, when it comes to industrial activities at risk, the consequences with regard to several types of pollution (air, noise, waste, etc.) no longer need to be demonstrated. It is obvious that the city cannot combine industrial activities with residential functions within a framework of sustainable development. It must constitute a safe and healthy ecosystem for residents. To address this issue, several questions need to be asked: Is the deindustrialization of cities feasible? How much does the industrial relocation operation cost? Who are the actors involved in this operation?

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