Energy management is a global issue that has piqued Algeria’s interest since the late 1990s, prompting the country to strengthen its legal framework to promote the integration of energy efficiency. However, the energy efficiency program, designated a national priority, is difficult to implement. This article examines how institutional, technical, and social actors manage residential energy efficiency in a residential rehabilitation project on Tripoli Street in the Algiers municipality of Hussein-Dey. The goal is to comprehend each actor’s role and its true significance in energy management. Furthermore, it allows us to contrast the reality on the ground, as constructed by technical actors and experienced by residents, with the ambitious political discourse that reflects a clear desire for this program. The analysis of technical and regulatory documents and the field survey combining interviews and questionnaires revealed that energy management could not be achieved without the genuine participation of all stakeholders, particularly residents who are hesitant to adhere to and finance the energy aspects of their house renovations. It demonstrates the importance of supplementing Algeria’s energy management policy with regulatory, financial, and communication measures.

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