Pulau Pangkor (Pangkor Island) is a famous tourist destination located in the state of Perak, Malaysia, and it is also home to an increasing number of islanders. With 70% of the island still forested, most of the resident population is concentrated in pockets of housing development in Pangkor Town, Pasir Bogak, Sg. Pinang Besar, Sg. Pinang Kecil, Teluk Gedung, Teluk Nipah and Teluk Dalam. The challenge for the future is seen as bringing about sustainable development within the housing sector. This article aims to investigate the key factors that affect sustainable housing development on Pulau Pangkor through the use of sustainability indicators that have been earlier identified through the literature review. Primary data was collected through a questionnaire survey on selected households from six residential areas/villages. There are four dimensions of sustainability assessed, namely the physical, social, environmental, and economic dimensions of housing. The study found that all four dimensions are significant predictors for sustainable housing development. The physical dimension is the main predictor of sustainable housing development in Pulau Pangkor (R2 = 0.466, p<0.05), followed by the social, environmental and economic dimension. The research findings may be used by local officials to enhance the living conditions of the island residents through provision of sustainable housing infrastructure.

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