The pattern of movement of people over time and space is dramatically changing its form to city urbanism. This study surveys the rural-urban migration pattern shift in the population development of Plateau State, Nigeria and focuses on the socio-demographic characteristics of rural migrants, impacts of rural-urban migration on rural and urban population, and migrants’ adaptive strategies in urban city centres. A mixed-method approach was used on the seven selected urban centres: Bukuru, Bokkos, Hwolshe, Jos, Langtang, Mangu and Pankshin. A 1325 sample size of rural migrants via a purposive and snowball sampling technique was employed. Interviews, focus group discussions (FGDs) and structured questionnaires were used primarily as source data. Multiple regression path models and factor analysis statistical techniques were used for the final analysis in the study that revealed the positive effects of socio-demographic traits of rural-urban migration as it correlated with each variable. The impacts of migration revealed structural change in population, menial jobs, entrepreneur development and regional interaction in population dynamics. Rural migrants made possible adjustments in their temporal stay in urban centres as a livelihood strategy, notwithstanding the imbalance effects on the population of rural and urban centres. Thus, a sustainable concentration of infrastructural development is suggested in conclusion as a means to curtail the rural-urban pattern of movement in the study region.
Rural-Urban Migration Pattern Shifts in the Developing Population of Plateau State, North-Central Nigeria
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Joshua Yohanna Gwanshak, Mariney Binti Mohd Yusoff, Aziz Shafie; Rural-Urban Migration Pattern Shifts in the Developing Population of Plateau State, North-Central Nigeria. The Arab World Geographer 1 December 2020; 23 (4): 316–329. doi: https://doi.org/10.5555/1480-6800.23.4.316
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