The authors cite a Medline review article of biofeedback for urinary incontinence to demonstrate the pervasive lack of standardized operationally defined variables, which precludes the application of evidence-based-medicine standards to the field. As an example of an early-stage evidence-based-medicine model, the Glazer Protocol demonstrates how empirically derived and operationally defined SEMG characteristics hold great promise for a better understanding of the pathophysiology of urinary incontinence and can assist in both diagnosis and treatment of this disorder.

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