Formal pain management clinics have now existed for more than 30 years and from the beginning have incorporated integrative approaches to assist patients suffering from chronic pain conditions. This article will describe the development of these programs and the role that biofeedback and other psychosocial interventions have played in this development. Case vignettes and interviews are used to demonstrate the value of integrating biofeedback and other integrative health practices into a formal pain management practice.

You do not currently have access to this content.