Biofeedback for pelvic floor muscle dysfunction provides a practical and effective intervention for elimination disorders. Dysfunction in the pelvic floor muscles can affect bladder and bowel function and can cause pelvic pain. According to the National Association of Continence, there are 25 million Americans affected by bladder or bowel incontinence. Surface electromyographic (sEMG) sensors monitor the electrical activity of the pelvic floor muscles. Additional muscle co-contractions of the obturator internus, hip adductors, and transverse abdominis can facilitate improvements in symptoms affected by pelvic floor dysfunction. Pelvic floor therapy incorporates urge reduction techniques and functional control strategies. Dietary and lifestyle recommendations are also provided. The Biofeedback Certification International Alliance (BCIA) is the primary certifying body in the fields of biofeedback and neurofeedback. BCIA has a Blueprint of Knowledge specific for certification in pelvic muscle dysfunction biofeedback (PMDB). The Blueprint outlines the fundamental science, history, and theory of sEMG biofeedback as used for elimination disorders and chronic pelvic pain. You can find more information on PMDB at

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