Purchasing biofeedback instruments and learning the technical process of operating each biofeedback instrument with a human subject are not enough. These steps are necessary, but they do not clearly guide one as to how the instruments should be used. A treatment protocol is required that provides an explanation of the patient's current suffering or problem, as well as a rationale for using biofeedback training in a fashion that can reasonably be expected to relieve that suffering. Such models or protocols are necessary to organize the process of the biofeedback training and provide a reasonable explanation to motivate the trainee/client. Experience shows that clients who understand how the intervention is relevant for their complaint apply themselves more fully and follow through with any homework more reliably. There are a number of such protocols, including biofeedback-assisted relaxation training, the breath training and respiratory biofeedback model, resonance frequency heart rate variability training, the neuromuscular rehabilitation model, various neurofeedback training models, and psychophysiological psychotherapy. This article will introduce biofeedback-assisted relaxation training (BART). BART is a widely applied biofeedback protocol in clinical practice and has been documented as effective in clinical studies from 1969 to the present, for anxiety disorders, diabetes, headaches, and a variety of other common medical and psychological conditions.

You do not currently have access to this content.