In 2001, AAPB and ISNR joined hands to establish a Task Force to develop guidelines for the evaluation of clinical efficacy in biofeedback and neurofeedback. Theodore LaVaque et al. (2002) published the Task Force report, creating an efficacy rating scale for biofeedback and neurofeedback interventions. The efficacy rating runs as follows, based on the credibility of current published research on specific disorders:

Since that time, AAPB has published three editions of the book Evidence-Based Practice in Biofeedback and Neurofeedback (Yucha & Gilbert, 2004; Yucha & Montgomery, 2008; Tan et al., 2016). Each edition of these books has carefully reviewed the emerging published research on the various application areas for biofeedback, from adult headache to urinary incontinence, using widely respected authors, and rating each application's efficacy according to the current evidence for efficacy. Over the 18 years since the first edition, the published research has grown and...

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