Hernandez-Divers et al. (2009) presented “an endoscopic method for identifying sex of hatchling Chinese box turtles…” (title of the paper) without any description or discussion of the visual appearance and morphology of the gonads they identified. The only results they provided regarding their endoscopic interpretation was: “In all 58 hatchlings, the gonads were located and identified as testes or ovaries (Figure 2). Four of the 58 hatchlings were identified as males, and 54 were identified as females.” The only additional hint regarding their interpretation of the morphology of the testis can be found in the legend of Figure 2: “b—Close-up view of the testis illustrating the smooth surface and surface vasculature.” (Hernandez-Divers et al. 2009:802).

As mentioned in the commentary of Dr Charles Innis I wrote a letter to the editor of the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA) and pointed out:...

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