Overexploitation has led to the drastic decline of most Asian freshwater turtle populations. We examined the distribution and current status of freshwater turtles using interviews and field surveys in Yinggeling Nature Reserve, Hainan Island. We captured 18 individuals of 4 species in over 8000 trap days. Based on our findings, interviews, and previous studies, illegal turtle harvesting is probably the major cause of population declines; we identified 2 key conservation areas within the reserve for regular patrols to reduce illegal activities.

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