The reproductive lifespans of turtles are consistently long, but reproductive cycles are under environmental control and thus can vary within species, populations, and individuals over time and space. Knowledge of turtle species' reproductive traits and their associated variances over time and space are critical to understanding the dynamics of turtle populations, especially those requiring management or conservation. Deirochelys reticularia is a species being considered for protection by the US Fish and Wildlife Service and contains 3 subspecies with some differences in reproductive characteristics of nesting season, annual nesting frequency, and egg retention. We collected ultrasound and x-radiograph data in Texas to identify the maturation size, nesting season, annual nesting frequency, and clutch size of female D. r. miaria in Texas. We observed no reproductive activity in individuals from 101 to 146 mm in plastron length (PL) and detected either unshelled eggs, shelled eggs, or both in individuals from 150 to 197 mm PL. Maturation sizes were similar to those in other regions and for other subspecies. We observed shelled clutches or nesting events from April to July, confirming a spring–summer nesting season in Texas consistent with other D. r. miaria sites and supporting the paradigm that the western subspecies does not follow the autumn–winter nesting season of the other subspecies. We found no evidence that individuals retain shelled eggs while aestivating or overwintering. Individuals nested up to 3 times/yr in Texas. Individuals laid 7–11 eggs and the mean clutch size was 9.2 eggs, similar to other regions and other subspecies. Nesting phenology is regionally variable, so management plans and policies for the species will need to consider that variation and potentially recognize management differences among D. reticularia subspecies.

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