FRANCESCA RAYMOND LAMONTE was an accomplished ichthyologist of the early- to mid-20th century. Details of her early life are vague yet intriguing. An American, Mary Wayne Seeley, and an Armenian, Grigor Vertaness Papasiantz, married in London, England, in 1894. Their daughter, Francesca, was born on June 5, 1895 in Germany. This and other records need verification1.

Grigor Papasiantz died in 1898. A decade later, Mary Papasiantz married Robert Rives LaMonte in Connecticut. Robert was one of the “millionaire socialists” of the early 1900s: young men with inherited wealth and socialist politics (Reynolds, 1973). Mary and Francesca were Daughters of the American Revolution. Francesca benefited from these cultural advantages and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree with a Certificate of Music from Wellesley College in 1918.

Francesca LaMonte began her long career at the American Museum of Natural History in New York in 1919 as an editorial assistant...

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