Dussumieria torpedo, new species, is described from 18 specimens collected off the East African coast from Tanzania to South Africa. The new species closely resembles Dussumieria albulina in that both species have a deep body and a parasphenoid without teeth. However, D. torpedo, new species, is distinguished from D. albulina by having small pores posteriorly on the body scales (vs. numerous longitudinal striae posteriorly in D. albulina), a longer maxilla (33.4–34.9% of head length vs. 30.4–34.9% [less than 33.3% in specimens larger than 85 mm standard length]) and mandible (48.5–51.9% of head length vs. 44.8–50.6%), a greater number of pseudobranchial filaments (19–23 vs. 17–21), and indistinct melanophores scattered on the pectoral-fin rays (vs. distinct). A molecular analysis, which compared nucleotide sequences of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene of the new species with those of all other valid species of Dussumieria, revealed that D. torpedo, new species, has >9% mean p-distance divergence from its congeners.

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